Akhmatov Viktor Viktorovich

A prominent hydrograph, astronomer, geodesist, gravimetrist, researcher of the Barents and White Seas, chairman of the Russian Astronomical Society.
Born in Petersburg. He graduated from the Physics and Mathematics Faculty of St. Petersburg University and was left at the Department of Astronomy and Geodesy to prepare for a professorship.
Akhmatov's first acquaintance with the Arctic took place in 1899–1901, when he was part of the expedition of the Academy of Sciences on the island of Western Spitsbergen (“Spitsbergen degree measurement”). The expedition surveyors built fourteen signs of the triangulation network and astronomically determined the coordinates of thirteen of them. In addition, they performed a topographical survey of an area of ​​about 10 thousand square kilometers. Expedition leader F.N. Chernyshev noted that "the members of the expedition acted with fearlessness, devotion to duty and skill - they more than conscientiously worked for the benefit of science and for the glory of the Russian name". After returning from Svalbard, Akhmatov was appointed custodian of the Astronomical Observatory and Computing at St. Petersburg University.
In 1902 he conducted hydrographic and gravimetric studies on Lake Baikal.
In the period 1903-1907 Akhmatov participated in various expeditions of the Main Hydrographic Department, performing hydrographic surveys of the White Sea, Lake Onega and Ladoga.
Since 1907, Akhmatov headed the Depot of nautical instruments, combining this work with teaching at the Maritime Academy. In the following years, he worked as an astronomer in the observatory organized by the GGU in 1913, led an expedition to determine the difference in longitude between the Yugorsky Shar and Dickson Island by radio telegraph, and made astronomical observations in this region.
In 1917–1930 Akhmatov was an assistant to the head of the Main Hydrographic Department on scientific work, during this period he participated in conducting detailed hydrographic surveys of the White Sea, headed the editorial board of the journal “Notes on Hydrography”. Since 1930, he has completely switched to teaching at the Military Medical Academy.

The merits of Akhmatov were awarded the orders of St. Stanislav of the 2nd degree, St. Anna of the 2nd degree, St. Vladimir of the 4th degree.
He was buried in St. Petersburg at the Smolensk Orthodox cemetery: a concrete sink with a cross.
Bay in the north-east of the Bolshevik Island in the Severnaya Zemlya archipelago. Opened in 1913, by the hydrographic expedition of the Arctic Ocean 1910–1915 on the icebreakers "Taimyr" and "Vaigach".
The southern entrance cape of the Gulf of Schubert on the east coast of the southern island of Novaya Zemlya. Named in 1924 by R.L. Samoylovich. Another name is Cape Yushkov.
Ice pass in the central part of the Sorkapp Earth on the island of Western Svalbard. Named in 1899–1901 byexpedition on "degree measurement".


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