Alekseev Anatoly Dmitrievich
the Soviet Union, colonel, member of the Civil and Great
Born in the town of Lomza in Poland.
He lived with his parents in Zagorsk (Trinity-Sergievsky Posad),
where in 1918 he graduated from high school.
In 1920 he was drafted into the Red Army.
In 1921 Alekseev graduated from training courses at the Military
Electrotechnical School commandership and was appointed an
instructor on the radio of the Sevastopol United School of Naval
In 1928 the crew of
Alekseev participated in the search for the Italian
expedition of U. Nobile.
They managed to find and report the coordinates of the location
of two people, Tsappi and Mariano from the group of F. Malmgren,
who set off on foot from the place of the fall of the airship to
On the way back, the plane made an emergency landing, but
Chukhnovsky, with the unanimous consent of all crew members, refused
immediate assistance before rescuing the Italians.
For his actions in this rescue expedition, Alekseev was awarded
Order of the Red Banner.
Since 1930 his work began as a pilot of the Polar Aviation
Administration of the Northern Sea Route.
The next milestone in Alexeev’s biography was the participation
in 1936 of the "Stalin" and "Voykov" squadrons of the destroyers to the
Pacific Ocean during the passage of the Northern Sea.
On July 2 the ships left Kronstadt, along the White Sea-Baltic
Canal, they moved to Arkhangelsk, and then accompanied by an
Litke” went to Novaya Zemlya, where they were awaited by
detachments of ships allocated to supply the expedition with fuel,
food, and spare parts.
By that time, the icebreakers "Yermak" in the Kara Sea and the
"Krasin" in the East Siberian icebreaker entered the transition route.
Together with “F.
Litke" they were supposed to provide wiring ships in the ice.
Alekseev led a group of three aircraft that provided airborne ice
The transition, especially in the Kara Sea, proceeded in very
difficult ice conditions.
On October 17 the destroyers "Voykov" and "Stalin" became part of
the Pacific Fleet.
The experience of this expedition was widely used in the
subsequent pilotage of ships to the Far East.
In March-June 1937 Alekseev, as the commander of the G-2 “USSR
N-172” aircraft, participated in the expedition to disembark at the
North Pole of the
On May 21 at 11.35 Vodopyanov for the first time in the world,
landed a plane at the North Pole.
On May 25 three remaining airplanes left the island of Rudolph
to the pole, but only Molokov managed to reach it safely, on the
Due to bad weather, Alekseev was forced to land a plane seventeen
kilometers from the pole and was able to fly to the pole only two
There was not enough gasoline on the way back, however, Alekseev
refused to leave the car and landed on an ice floe near the 84th
parallel, to which he was soon delivered
On June 27 Alekseev as part of other members of the expedition
was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.
He was awarded the Gold Star No. 38 and the
Order of Lenin.
In the subsequent pre-war years in the asset Alekseev
participated in the fall of 1937 in search of the crew of
Levanevsky, in the spring of 1938, he headed the squadron to
rescue the crews of icebreaking steamers “A.
Sibiryakov", "Malygin"and "G.
Sedov", drifting in the northern part of
the Laptev Sea.
Brave pilots took 184 people.
For this assignment, he was awarded the
Order of the Red Star.
Alekseev worked as a test pilot at aircraft factory number 22. He
conducted factory and state tests of an experienced long-range
bomber DB-240, launched into the series under the symbol Ep-2, as
well as all subsequent modifications of this aircraft.
In early 1941, he flew from Moscow to Omsk to Moscow without
landing in Omsk, dropping 1,000 kg of conventional bombs there.
Since July 1941, Alekseev participated in the Great Patriotic
In accordance with the Decree of the State Defense Committee of
July 14, 41, No. GKO-143ss “On the Long-Range Aviation Division”, he
was seconded from the People's Commissariat of the Aviation Industry
to a heavy bomber aviation group.
Commanding the squadron TB-7, Alekseev made 27 combat missions on
the bombardment of military facilities in the rear of the enemy,
in Koenigsberg and Vilna.
During the years 1944-1958
he worked as a test pilot, 72 types of aircraft passed through
his hands, including the latest jet engines.
In recent years, Alekseev served as deputy chief of the Polar
Aviation Flight Service.
In total, Alekseev was a holder of three
orders of the Red Banner,
three of orders of the Red
I First Classof and many medals.
He died in Moscow, was buried in the columbarium of the
The island (Pilot Alekseev) in the
Kara Sea northeast of Taimyr Island.
For the first time noticed
The name was given in 1936 by an expedition to
icebreaking steamer "G.
An island north of the Barents
Island in the Svalbard archipelago.