Alekseev (Sarkan) Nikolay Nikolayevich
Soviet Arctic hydrograph,
He was born in the village of Igdir, Erivan Governorate, where
his father served as a medical assistant in the border brigade.
After World War I, this territory was ceded to Turkey.
The child received the surname of his father - Sarkan.
In the year of the birth of their son, the family moved to the
After graduating from the Vladivostok gymnasium with a silver
medal in 1918, the young man in January 1919 entered the mining
department of the Vladivostok Polytechnic Institute, but in March
was mobilized into the Kolchak army.
He served as a private in the artillery brigade, located in
Nikolsk Ussuriysk, then was sent to the officer school in Tomsk.
After the arrival of the Red Army, Sarkan was registered as a
second lieutenant and sent to the Pomkomvzvod in the Engineering
Military Worker Battalion in Omsk.
With the start of the war with the White Poles, Sarkan
volunteered to join the First West Siberian Cavalry Division as a
commander of an auto-motorcycle platoon.
In Kiev, received a new task - the suppression of the rebellion
In the summer of 1921, Sarkan was demobilized and, as a former
White Guard, sent to live in Ustyug the Great.
It was here that something happened that greatly influenced his
Sarkan left Ustyug voluntarily, changed his name to Alekseev,
year of birth to 1895, place of birth to Nikolsk Ussuriysk.
In the fall of 1921, Alekseev arrived in Irkutsk, went to work at
the university, and went to study for the courses of assistants to
captains of water transport.
In 1922, he again goes to military service, voluntarily joining
the Amur military-river flotilla steering for the gunboat "Poor".
During the fighting, he was the flag secretary of the commander
of a special group of troops in the lower Amur.
Returning after another demobilization to Vladivostok, Alekseev
worked as a simple worker in the fisheries, as a clerk, as the head
of the technical department of the Amur Archival Bureau.
Finally, in 1924, his life began to approach the field that
turned out to be the main one for him.
He got a job as a farm manager at the Pacific Research Station
and went to study at a university, then, due to his difficult
financial situation, he went to work as a sailor.
Since 1926, Alekseev, as a hydrologist of the Pacific Port Survey
Department, participated in expeditions to the hall in the estuaries
of Amur and Anadyr.
Baikal, in the winter, he conducted hydrological work on the
icebreakers Dobrynya Nikitich and Davydov in the Tatar Strait.
Later he supervised research work on the Litke ice-cutter in the
Sea of Okhotsk, and on the steamer “Sovet” he took part in a voyage
Island, on the steamer "Khabarovsk" to the mouth of the Kolyma.
In 1934, having received an invitation to the
Main Directorate of the Northern Sea Route, Alekseev
moved to Leningrad.
He served as chief of the leading departments of the Office:
navigation and hydrographic characteristics, during the years
He headed the hydrographic works included in the history of
Arctic research in the
in the Kara Sea at the
hydrographic vessel “Toros”, which he described in his
book “Wintering on "Toros”.
These were the first wintering work in the Arctic, the successful
experience of which helped the
Main Directorate of the Northern Sea Route in the organization of
subsequent, systematic, hydrographic work from the ice.
Since the beginning of the war, Alekseev volunteered as a member
of the national militia, went to the front on August 16, near
Kingissep, was seriously wounded in the head, and after treatment in
Cherepovets, he continued to serve in the hydrographic departments
of the Northern, and since 1943, the Pacific Fleets.
After demobilization, he returned to the
Main Directorate of the Northern Sea Route, took the post
of chief editor of the station, headed the Educational and
Production Expedition, supervised the hydrographic work at the
hydrographic vessel "Mozdok".
Considering that his military and industrial merit before his
homeland was enough, Alekseev relaxed, decided to join the party and
wrote a letter to the Ministry of State Security, in which he
confessed to serving in the White Army, changing documents, etc.
The reaction of the motherland was quick and probably
In January 1951, he was arrested and, by decision of a special
meeting, was sent into exile for 5 years in Kyzyl-Orda.
In exile, Alekseev worked as a hydrometer-engineer in the
Oblvodkhoz and received excellent characteristics.
On May 5, 1953, he was released under an amnesty, returned to his
former place, and worked there until his retirement in 1961.
Alekseev was awarded the
the Patriotic War of 2 degrees , medals "For
Labor Valor", "For
the Defense of the Soviet Polar Region", "For
the Defense of Leningrad", "For
Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945.".
He died in Leningrad, buried in the
Bay on the western coast of the
island of Nansen in the Nordenskiöld archipelago in the Kara Sea.
Ministry of the Navy in 1969.
Approved by the decision of the Dikson regional executive
committee of March 20, 1972.