on the assignment of Colonel Plenisner, the commander of the
Okhotsk and Kamchatka Territories, Andreev made two dog sledding
trips to the Bear
Islands north of Kolyma, gave their geographical description and
put them on the map for the first time.
From one of the four-column islands, he noticed a blue-black spot
in the north.
In April 1764, with several satellites came from about.
After 6 days, "they saw the island is not very small ... lowland,
but at length, for example, it has to be eighty versts."
About 20 miles from the island, there were traces of “unknown
people” on eight sleighs with reindeer sleds and, “being poorly
populated,” turned back.
Later, due to Plenisner’s mistake, the Andreev Land
unsuccessfully searched for many expeditions to the north and
north-east of the Bear Islands, where there is no land.
There are different opinions about what Andreev saw.
Some believe that it was an “icy land” of the type of the
Vasilyevsky and Semenovsky islands in the Laptev Sea, which was
later destroyed as a result of melting and erosion.
Others believe that he saw powerful hummocks or took a thick fog
above the clear water for the land.
According to K.S.
Zubova, seen by Andreev in 1764, the island is New Siberia.
In 1823, the travel journal Andreeva for 1763 was published in
It describes all five of the Bear Islands with the
characteristics of the mountains and land they have - “sandy with
shallow sand and yellow stones”.
The inventory of the Bear Islands made by Andreev turned out to
be insufficiently accurate, which caused the organization in
A new expedition as part of the ensigns of geodesy
I. Leontyev ,
I.. Lysov and
A. Pushkarev .
The island in the group of
Named in 1912 g/e SLO.