Andreev Stepan

Geodesy Sergeant.
In 1763–1764 on the assignment of Colonel Plenisner, the commander of the Okhotsk and Kamchatka Territories, Andreev made two dog sledding trips to the Bear Islands north of Kolyma, gave their geographical description and put them on the map for the first time. From one of the four-column islands, he noticed a blue-black spot in the north. In April 1764, with several satellites came from about. Four-column northwest. After 6 days, "they saw the island is not very small ... lowland, but at length, for example, it has to be eighty versts". About 20 miles from the island, there were traces of “unknown people” on eight sleighs with reindeer sleds and, “being poorly populated”, turned back. Later, due to Plenisner’s mistake, the Andreev Land unsuccessfully searched for many expeditions to the north and north-east of the Bear Islands, where there is no land. There are different opinions about what Andreev saw. Some believe that it was an “icy land” of the type of the Vasilyevsky and Semenovsky islands in the Laptev Sea, which was later destroyed as a result of melting and erosion. Others believe that he saw powerful hummocks or took a thick fog above the clear water for the land. According to K.S. Badigin and N.N. Zubov, seen by Andreev in 1764, the island is New Siberia.
In 1823, the travel journal Andreeva for 1763 was published in Siberian Bulletin. It describes all five of the Bear Islands with the characteristics of the mountains and land they have - “sandy with shallow sand and yellow stones”.
The inventory of the Bear Islands made by Andreev turned out to be insufficiently accurate, which caused the organization in 1769–1771. A new expedition as part of the ensigns of geodesy I. Leontyev, I.. Lysov and A. Pushkarev.
The island in the group of Bear Islands. Named in 1912 by hydrographic expedition of the Arctic Ocean 1910–1915 on the icebreakers "Taimyr" and "Vaigach".


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