naval sailor, hydrograph, rear admiral.
Born in Navana, Ireland.
He received his first education at home from his father, and then
at school in Dublin.
The boy grew up brave, kind, enterprising, and these qualities
made him a universal favorite.
After graduation, he began to work under the direction of
Professor Usher of Astronomy, where his outstanding abilities in
marine sciences quickly manifested.
As early as 13 years of age, Beaufort's knowledge was so great
that they allowed him to start serving in the East Indian company,
where he served all the ship instruments and tools, making a large
contribution to the successful filming of the Java Sea.
In 1789, his ship was wrecked, hitting the underwater reefs.
The team was forced to escape in boats, and in this situation
Beaufort showed a rare dedication.
Having lost all his personal belongings, he saved the tools
entrusted to him.
After many days of painful wanderings in the sea, the boat was
seen by a ship going to Canton.
In March 1790, Beaufort returned to England.
In 1791, his career nearly ended.
Once, while serving on the signal vessel Aquilon, a sailor who
carried out repairs under the command of Beaufort dropped a hammer
into the water, and Beaufort, completely forgetting about his
inability to swim, jumped overboard and began to sink.
Fortunately, he was saved by a nearby lieutenant Oliver, also an
In 1794, Beaufort led the signaling in the famous battle with the
French, and his successful work largely contributed to the defeat of
In the same battle, Aquilon performed the dangerous duty of
towing under the fire of the mast ship lost to Admiral Thomas
He later served on the Phaeton, in which he participated in a
workshop of a series of combat maneuvers, known as the "Cornish
After nine years of active service, Beaufort was promoted to
He continued to participate in the permanent wars of Britain for
In 1800, during the boarding and capture of the Spanish vessel
“San Joseph”, Beaufort was wounded, received a pension and the title
In 1803–1804, Beaufort volunteered to arrange telegraph between
the eastern (Dublin) and western (Galway) coasts of Ireland.
Since 1805, he has again been in service as the commander of the
military transport "Vulvich", where in four years he sailed to
Eastern India, South America, to the Cape of Good Hope, having
covered a total of 60 thousand miles.
Since 1809, Beaufort on the ship "Frederikstein" led the
hydrographic work on the coast of Asia Minor.
In 1812, during a land route, he was wounded by a Turkish fanatic
and was forced to stop participating in the voyages.
For several years, on the instructions of the Admiralty, Beaufort
was engaged in the creation of nautical charts.
In 1829, he became head of the hydrographic department
established by him at the Admiralty, holding this position until
For 26 years he managed to turn this department into a center of
In 1845, Beaufort was given the rank of Rear Admiral and elected
a member of the Royal Geographical and Astronomical Societies.
Beaufort was a rare diligence.
During the long years of his life, he got up at 5 am and went to
Being an excellent navigator, astronomer, mathematician,
historian and writer, Beaufort enjoyed unquestioned authority among
sailors and was often appointed a member of commissions to
investigate accidents and shipwrecks caused by navigation reasons.
He corresponded with many distinguished sailors, one of whom was
However, the main fame all over the world, Beaufort did not
acquire its combat or hydrographic achievements.
Even as a midshipman, an inquisitive young man began to keep a
diary with short daily notes about the weather, on the "Vulvich"
noted the state of the weather every two hours.
In 1806, based on his observations, he developed a scale of wind
strength, which he used in his campaigns.
Only in 1838 this scale was officially adopted by the English
Admiralty, and in 1874, after the death of Beaufort, it was accepted
by the Standing Committee of the First Meteorological Congress for
use in international synoptic practice.
In subsequent years, the scale was repeatedly corrected and
changed, but is still widely used in navigation under the name
Awarded the Order of the
He died in Hove near Brighton.
He was buried
in the garden of St. John’s Church in northeast London Hackney.
Mountain in the north-east of
Ellesmere Island on the banks of the Robson Channel.
Cape in the southeast of the
Simpson Peninsula in Committi Bay in northern Canada.
River on the Kent Peninsula
in northern Canada in the Beaufort Sea.
Sea of the Arctic Ocean off the
coast of North America between Cape Barrow and the western islands
of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.