Borisyak Aleksey Alekseevich
Outstanding Soviet paleontologist and geologist.
Born in the town of Romny in the family of a land engineer.
His maternal grandfather became famous in the Crimean War while
defending Sevastopol, his paternal grandfather was a famous
researcher of the geology of Donbass.
Because of the father's work, the family often changed their
Nevertheless, his parents managed to give his son a good home
upbringing and education, which in the autumn of 1891 enabled him to
enter the Physics and Mathematics Faculty of St. Petersburg
Here he listened to fascinating lectures by the distinguished
anatomist PF Lesgaft, who developed his interest in biology.
Nevertheless, a year later Borisyak moved to the Mining
Institute, which he graduated with honors in 1896.
Independent work Borisyak began as an assistant in the Geological
Under the influence of academicians
and especially Professor
Borisyak became interested in paleontology and in order to better
understand the biological features of the organisms, on the advice
of Nikitin, he attended the full course of zoology at St. Petersburg
University and even had practice at the Sevastopol Biological
Petersburg, nab. Lieutenant Schmidt, d
Fundamental education obtained at the Mining Institute and the
university, and natural endowments and dedication allowed Borisyak
to become one of the largest world-class geologists, whose research
covered a wide range of scientific geological problems.
He worked on general paleontology, studying Jurassic mollusks,
paleontology of vertebrates and especially mammals, continuing the
work of his grandfather, studied the geological structure of the
Donets Basin and Crimea, developed the theory of facies, developed
and deepened the theory of geosynclines, which he based on
understanding the tectonics of the Earth's crust in various stages
of its development.
Borisyak considered the history of the Earth as a single natural
process of the development of physiographic conditions and organic
Unfortunately, Borisyak's field research did not last long.
Since 1912, due to a serious illness, he was no longer able to go
on an expedition and was mainly engaged in the processing of
collections collected by other researchers.
Trying not to leave any collection without descriptions, he put
into practice the distribution of the collected minerals among
This made it possible to concentrate the efforts of each on some
particular species, eliminating the scatteredness that often
interfered with paleontologists.
During his life, Borisyak held various scientific positions.
Until 1932 he headed the paleontological department of the
Geological Committee, during 1911–1930.
He was a professor and head of the department of historical
geology of the Leningrad State Institute, in 1939 he founded the
department of paleontology at Moscow State University and headed it
until 1942, in 1930–1944.
He was the director of the Paleontological Institute of the USSR
Academy of Sciences, created on his initiative.
In 1923, Borisyak was elected a corresponding member, and in 1929
a full member of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
In 1943, for many years of outstanding work in the field of
science and technology, he
Stalin Prize 2 degrees.
The difficult conditions of the war years exacerbated Borisyak's
He died in Moscow.
He was buried at the
Islands near the southern
Island in archipelago
In the 1950s, Soviet cartographers were named.