Borup George

American Arctic explorer, geologist.
Born in Sing Sing, New York. He prepared for admission to Yale University at the Groton School from 1889 to 1903 and graduated from the University in 1907. At the university, Borup distinguished himself as an athlete, was a member of university teams of runners and golfers, gained fame as a wrestler, and was distinguished by great physical strength. After graduation, he worked for a year as a special apprentice in the machine shops of the Pennsylvania Railway Company in Altoona.
In 1909 Borup was the youngest member of the last expedition of R. Pirie to the North Pole, in which he showed his best side in the most difficult and dangerous situations. Piri in his book “The North Pole” gives the following episode: “When Borup shipped his team through the rift between two ice floes, the dogs slipped and found themselves in the water. Jumping forward, the young athlete held the sled and, clutching at the trappings, pulled the dogs onto the ice. A person who is less agile and strong could have missed both a sled and a 500-pound sledge, which in the icy desert was more valuable to us than its weight in diamonds. Of course, if the sleds went into the water, they would pull to the bottom of the ocean and dogs. We breathed a sigh of relief and, reaching solid ice on the other side of this pontoon bridge, rushed further north. ”
According to Piri's plan, his assistants reached a certain milestone, and then went south. Borup reached 85 ° 20 ′ N. Of the Americans, except Pirie, only Ross Marvin and Robert Bartlett moved on. Piri writes: “I was sorry that circumstances demanded that Börup be sent at the head of the second auxiliary detachment. Our young strongman was a valuable member of the expedition. He put his soul into the work and managed with heavy sleds and dogs no worse than any Eskimo, with the agility that all members of the expedition admired, and his father could be proud of him if he saw him. However, with all his zeal, Borup had too little experience on the traitorous polar ice, and I did not want to put him at further risk. In addition, he, like Macmillan, froze his heel.
Börp was very reluctant to return to dry land, but he had every reason to be proud of his work, just as I was proud of him. He carried the banner of Yale University at 85 ° north latitude, having traveled with him as many miles on the polar ice as Nansen for his entire journey from the ship to the extreme northern point of his route. I now see before me the ardent, clever face of Borup, slightly saddened by sadness, when he finally turned back and disappeared along with the Eskimos and dogs shrouded in steam among the hummocks”.  
During the expedition of 1906, Peary from the coast of Grant Land (Ellesmere Island) saw through binoculars high mountains of unknown land, which he called Crocker Land. Borup together with Professor D. B. Macmillan, also a member of the last Piri expedition, conceived an expedition to search for this alleged land. Realizing his desire to conduct topographic, geological, physiographic studies, observations of tide and ebb, Borup immediately after returning from the Peary expedition entered refresher courses at Yale University, entered the US Geological Survey and participated in the six-month field study. works. In addition, he acquired practical skills in astronomical observations, and underwent an internship at the field work of the Washington Museum of Natural History. However, life was different. Young, full of strength and plans, the mighty Börup drowned, turned over in a kayak, in the Long Island Strait.

He was buried in Dale Cemetery in Ossining Village, Westchester County, New York.
Cape in the north of the island of Ellesmere in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.

Fiord (Borup Fiord) on the west coast of Ellesmere Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.


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