Botkin Alexander Sergeevich




Naval officer, doctor, traveler, son of an outstanding Russian physician, teacher and scientist Sergei Petrovich Botkin. His older brother, Evgeny Sergeevich Botkin, is a leyb-medic of Nicholas II , who remained with the royal family to the end and was shot with her in the basement of the Ipatiev House in Yekaterinburg.

Born in St. Petersburg, in 1890 he graduated from the Military Medical Academy with enrollment on a marble board, in 1892 received a doctorate in medicine. In the same year, Botkin was transferred to the Navy Department with the appointment of a junior ship's doctor for the cruiser "Rynda". This translation determined his fate, linking for many years with the navy, and not only as a physician, but also as a hydrograph. In December 1893, he passed the midshipman exam and continued to serve on the “Rynd” as a watch officer.

An acquaintance of Botkin with the Arctic took place in 1895 after his appointment as assistant chief of the Hydrographic Expedition A.I. Vilkitsky. This expedition, which was based on the Lieutenant Ovtsyn steamer and a number of auxiliary vessels, during two campaigns was studying the mouths of the Yenisei and Ob and part of the Kara Sea. His differences in service were noted in December 1896 by production as lieutenants.

In the winter of 1897, Botkin participated in the study of Lake Baikal in the expedition of F.K. Drizhenko, and in 1898 he was again an assistant to the Chief of the Arctic Ocean Hydrographic Expedition A.I. Vilkitsky on the ship "Pakhtusov". According to the results of these studies, he published the book Materials on the Study of the Ob Bay of the Yenisei Gulf.

In 1900, Botkin served in the Mine and the Artillery detachments of the Baltic Sea, and then was seconded to the Main Naval Headquarters. It was during this period that his interest in the needs of the navy was manifested in the design and construction of a semi-submarine vessel “with special diving equipment”, which was moved by the energy of pitching. During the years of the Russian-Japanese war, he built a semi-submarine boat with a gasoline engine Chelim at the Baltic plant , which was operated in Vladivostok.


Boat "Chelim"


After retirement in December 1905 with the rank of Captain Rank 2, Botkin traveled extensively, studying North and South America, China, and India.

During the Civil War, having left the Crimea, he represented the white government in Paris and Rome. From 1923 he settled in Italy, first under Rome, later in San Remo, was engaged in medicine. In 1931-1932, he gave lectures in Siberia and Baikal in Paris at the Youth Club of the Russian Christian Student Movement, the Russian Club, and others. In the Social Museum, he gave a lecture collecting from which he went in favor of the Red Cross committees and helping sick children.

He died in Sanremo, buried in the Foche cemetery in the family tomb: a plate with a four-pointed cross on a pedestal.

Cape on the western shore of the Ob Bay in Voskhod Bay. Named in 1895, A.I. Vilkitsky.


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