Fedorov Evgeny Konstantinovich
scientist and public figure, polar explorer, academician, Hero
of the Soviet Union (medal
Born in Bendery in a military family, he lived in Nizhny
1934 he graduated from Leningrad University and devoted his life to
geophysics and hydrometeorology.
Fedorov began his arctic activity as a magnetologist at polar
stations: first in Tikhaya
Franz Josef Land archipelago, then at
the observatory at Cape
Chelyuskin .At both
winter quarters, his boss was I.D. Papanin.. The
young polar explorer proved himself to be an excellent specialist,
enthusiast of his business, a reliable companion, and therefore
Papanin, complementing the list of participants in the first
drifting station, included Fedorov, along with the recognized polar
explorers, radio operator E.T. Krenkel and
hydrobiologist and oceanologist P.P. Shirshov,
participants Chelyuskinskoy epic.
Fedorov led meteorological, magnetic and astronomical
observations at the SP-1 station, replacing Krenkel during
The results of the scientific work of the team SP-1 were heard at
the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences and were highly
appreciated. All participants without protection were awarded
scientific degrees of doctors of geographical sciences and awarded
the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.
In the 1930s, Fedorov went from being an ordinary polar explorer
to a director of the Arctic Institute, a corresponding member of the
USSR Academy of Sciences.
In 1939, he headed the Hydrometeorological Service of the Soviet
Union, having done a lot of work on its organizational restructuring
and the introduction of new methods of observation and data
During the war, Lieutenant General Fedorov often visited fronts,
organizing the hydrometeorological support of the Red Army, ensuring
the uninterrupted flow of hydrometeorological information to all its
the war, he put a lot of work into restoring the Hydrometeorological
Service in the areas under occupation.
In 1946, for the totality of the Arctic studies, he was awarded
the USSR State Prize.
In 1947, on the orders of Stalin by the court of honor, he was
demoted from generals to private and removed from the leadership of
the Hydrometeorological Service. He was accused of accepting a
delegation of American weather forecasters in exchange of experience
and allowed political myopia and disclosure of state secrets. The
secret was in the weather information needed to make a reliable
forecast, and political myopia in joint bathing and breakfast by the
switched to scientific work, displaying the outstanding qualities of
an organizer and scientist. In
1956, he organized the Institute of Applied Geophysics, which he
headed until 1968, and then from 1974 until the end of his days.
In 1959–1962 Fedorov
worked as chief scientific secretary of the Presidium of the USSR
Academy of Sciences, in 1960 he was elected a full member of the
USSR Academy of Sciences.
His research interests covered the study of
weather and climate, water resources, the study of the seas, oceans,
the ionosphere, the magnetic and radiation fields of the Earth, and
many other problems.
From 1962 to 1974, Fedorov again headed the Hydrometeorological
Service of the USSR, carrying out its reconstruction and
this period he created a number of large central and regional
Fedorov combined great scientific and state activity with
important social work. Motherland
highly appreciated his achievements, awarding six Orders
of Lenin, the
Order of the October Revolution and
many other orders and medals. He
was twice awarded the title of laureate of the State
Prize of the USSR.
At the end of his life, Yevgeny Konstantinovich found time to
publish his memories. In
the Polar Diaries, which saw the light in 1979, the author revealed
on another side, most likely unknown to a wide circle of people - a
devoted, loving husband and father. Can't
leave indifferent piercing, filled with love and pain, his words
about the last days of his wife - Anna Viktorovna Gnedich, with whom
he lived 43 years. They
wintered together on Cape Chelyuskin, went through joy and grief, in
his own words, it was his wife who helped him withstand the test of
"copper pipes". To
her, his wife and friend, Fedorov dedicated his memories. He
survived his wife by only 4 years.The second edition of the book
came out after his death.
He was buried in Moscow at the Novodevichy
Fedorov) among the Islands of Eastern archipelago
by A.I. Kosoy