Fedorov Evgeny Konstantinovich 

Soviet scientist and public figure, polar explorer, academician, Hero of the Soviet Union (medal No. 75). 
Born in Bendery in a military family, he lived in Nizhny Novgorod. In 1934 he graduated from Leningrad University and devoted his life to geophysics and hydrometeorology. 
Fedorov began his arctic activity as a magnetologist at polar stations: first in Tikhaya Bay at
Franz Josef Land archipelago, then at the observatory at Cape Chelyuskin .At both winter quarters, his boss was I.D. Papanin.The young polar explorer proved himself to be an excellent specialist, enthusiast of his business, a reliable companion, and therefore Papanin, complementing the list of participants in the first drifting station, included Fedorov, along with the recognized polar explorers, radio operator E.T. Krenkel and hydrobiologist and oceanologist P.P. Shirshov, participants Chelyuskinskoy epic. 
Fedorov led meteorological, magnetic and astronomical observations at the SP-1 station, replacing Krenkel during communication sessions. 
The results of the scientific work of the team SP-1 were heard at the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences and were highly appreciated. All participants without protection were awarded scientific degrees of doctors of geographical sciences and awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. 
In the 1930s, Fedorov went from being an ordinary polar explorer to a director of the Arctic Institute, a corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences. 
In 1939, he headed the Hydrometeorological Service of the Soviet Union, having done a lot of work on its organizational restructuring and the introduction of new methods of observation and data processing. 
During the war, Lieutenant General Fedorov often visited fronts, organizing the hydrometeorological support of the Red Army, ensuring the uninterrupted flow of hydrometeorological information to all its subdivisions. After the war, he put a lot of work into restoring the Hydrometeorological Service in the areas under occupation. 
In 1946, for the totality of the Arctic studies, he was awarded the USSR State Prize. 
In 1947, on the orders of Stalin by the court of honor, he was demoted from generals to private and removed from the leadership of the Hydrometeorological Service. He was accused of accepting a delegation of American weather forecasters in exchange of experience and allowed political myopia and disclosure of state secrets. The secret was in the weather information needed to make a reliable forecast, and political myopia in joint bathing and breakfast by the fire. Fedorov switched to scientific work, displaying the outstanding qualities of an organizer and scientist. In 1956, he organized the Institute of Applied Geophysics, which he headed until 1968, and then from 1974 until the end of his days. 
In 1959–1962 Fedorov worked as chief scientific secretary of the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences, in 1960 he was elected a full member of the USSR Academy of Sciences. 

His research interests covered the study of weather and climate, water resources, the study of the seas, oceans, the ionosphere, the magnetic and radiation fields of the Earth, and many other problems. 
From 1962 to 1974, Fedorov again headed the Hydrometeorological Service of the USSR, carrying out its reconstruction and modernization. During this period he created a number of large central and regional scientific institutions. 
Fedorov combined great scientific and state activity with important social work. Motherland highly appreciated his achievements, awarding six Orders of Lenin, the Order of the October Revolution and many other orders and medals. 
He was twice awarded the title of laureate of the State Prize of the USSR.

At the end of his life, Yevgeny Konstantinovich found time to publish his memories. In the Polar Diaries, which saw the light in 1979, the author revealed on another side, most likely unknown to a wide circle of people - a devoted, loving husband and father. Can't leave indifferent piercing, filled with love and pain, his words about the last days of his wife - Anna Viktorovna Gnedich, with whom he lived 43 years. They wintered together on Cape Chelyuskin, went through joy and grief, in his own words, it was his wife who helped him withstand the test of "copper pipes". To her, his wife and friend, Fedorov dedicated his memories. He survived his wife by only 4 years.The second edition of the book came out after his death. 
He was buried in Moscow at the Novodevichy cemetery. 
Islands (Yevgeny Fedorov) among the Islands of Eastern archipelago  Nordenskiöld. Named by A.I. Kosoy in 1939.


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