Figurin Alexey Evdokimovich 

Medical surgeon, naturalist, painter, traveler. 
Born in Rostov, Yaroslavl Province, in the family of a priest. 
In 1815, Figurin graduated from the St. Petersburg Medical-Surgical Academy, receiving a second-grade doctor degree, and entered the service at the Sveaborg Marine Hospital. In 1820, he passed the test for the degree of medical surgeon. 
During the years 1820–1823 as a doctor, Figurin took part in the  expedition P.F. Anjou, engaged in the study of the north-eastern shores of Siberia from the mouth of the Olenek River to the mouth of the Indigirka River, as well as the Novosibirsk Islands. He was a constant participant in all expedition campaigns: he was a member of the detachments that described the islands of Stolbovoy, Kotelny, Belkovsky, and also turned into the banks of the island Semenovsky and Vasilyevsky. 
Figurin collected rich scientific material on the natural history and ethnography of Northern Yakutia, which was partially published in Notes published by the Admiralty Department.

At the end of the expedition for his “excellent service and extraordinary works” he was awarded the Order of St. Vladimir, 4 degrees and was elected a member of the Imperial Free Economic Society and the Society of Russian Doctors.


Laguna Station on the northwest shore of Kotelny Island

(photo by N. M. Stolbov)

Cookhouse on the lagoon of the Station

(photo by N. M. Stolbov)

From 1825, Figurin served as a doctor in the St. Petersburg Maritime Hospital, since 1827 - the "chief physician" of the Maritime Hospital in Kronstadt, was a medical inspector of the St. Petersburg port and a senior advisor to the department of state medical preparations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Being engaged in practical work, he did not leave active scientific activity. His scientific works are very diverse and cover different areas of medicine: surgery, gynecology, skin diseases, ophthalmology. Of great interest are the studies of Figurin concerning the language, customs and customs of the Yakuts. He compiled the Yakut-Russian dictionary, translated the Gospel of Matthew into the Yakut language. 
He died in St. Petersburg, buried in the Smolensk Orthodox cemetery. The grave is not preserved. 
The island, now a bank, northwest of the Anjou arrow. Faddeevsky. Opened in March 1822 and named by P.F. Anjou.


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