Klenova Maria Vasilievna
(31.07(12.08).1898 - 06

Soviet geologist, doctor of geological and mineralogical sciences, one of the founders of marine geology in the USSR.
Born in Irkutsk in a working class family.
Since 1925, she worked as a senior researcher at the Institute of Oceanology of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
In 1937, she was approved as a professor in the field of marine geology and by a resolution of the Higher Attestation Commission of May 11, 1937, she was awarded the degree of Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences without defending a dissertation. Based on her research, she developed a methodology for compiling soil maps of the seas. According to this technique and under the guidance of Klenova, over 150 soil maps were compiled for the Barents, White, Caspian and other seas.
During the war, Klenova worked as head of the Department of Marine Geology of the Marine Division of the State Hydrological Institute of the Main Directorate of the Hydrometeorological Service. Under her leadership, about 200 special maps and atlases for the Navy were compiled. She repeatedly traveled to the Northern and Black Sea Fleets, where she worked on compiling manuals and lecturing to submariners.
Klenova participated in many marine expeditions of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR: to the Caspian Sea, in the Arctic (Novaya Zemlya, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land), and took part in the First Soviet Antarctic expedition. She conducted research on sedimentary rocks in rivers, seas and oceans, and is considered the founder of Russian marine geology. In 1948, she released the first textbook on the geology of the sea.
 Klenova spent 4 days on drifting ice, she was the first woman at the North Pole-4 drifting station.
In 1960, her monograph on the geology of the Barents Sea was published, and in 1975, on the geology of the Atlantic Ocean.
She died in Moscow.
Tract Mount Klenova (on some maps the Maple Mountains is mistakenly indicated) in the west of the northern island of Novaya Zemlya in the vicinity of Russkaya Gavan Bay.


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