Putyatin Evfimiy Vasilievich
 – 16(28).10.1883)

Born in St. Petersburg. His childhood passed in a family estate in the Novgorod district. By the will of his parents, he entered the Maritime College, which he graduated first in graduation; on March 1, 1822, he was promoted to midshipman. On the frigate "Cruiser" under the command of the future admiral M.P. Lazarev midshipman Putyatin sailed around the world. In 1826 he was transferred to the battleship "Azov", with which on October 20, 1827 he participated in the Battle of Navarino and was awarded the Order of St. Vladimir IV degree.
In subsequent years, Euthymius Putyatin made several long trips to the Mediterranean Sea, performed hydrographic work in the Bosphorus and Dardanelles. For 18 campaigns he was awarded the Order of St. George IV degree. In 1834 he was promoted to lieutenant commander.
On the Black Sea, Putyatin commanded the Iphigenia corvette and the Agatopol frigate; in 1838–1839 he participated in military operations against the highlanders in the Caucasus. When landing on Cape Subashi was wounded in the leg. For "the difference in the battle," he early received the rank of captain of the 1st rank.
In 1842, Putyatin fulfilled his first diplomatic mission - on the orders of Nicholas I sent to Persia, where he agreed on fishing zones and a joint fight against piracy on the Caspian Sea. In addition, Putyatin persuades the Persian Shah to lift restrictions on trade with Russia.
The successful fulfillment by Putyatin of very difficult tasks in St. Petersburg was appreciated, and the captain of the 1st rank was involved in diplomatic work. Putyatin makes trips to England, Holland, Turkey and other countries. In 1843, Putyatin, on his own initiative, proposed an expedition plan to China and Japan. The emperor supported his proposal, but for a number of reasons the plan was realized only a few years later.
In 1852, Putyatin, who had been promoted to vice admiral at that time, left the Kallstadt Far East on the frigate "Pallada". He led the expedition, which included many prominent personalities - scientists and diplomats. The famous Russian writer I.A. Goncharov became the personal secretary of Putyatin. Later he outlined his impressions of the journey in the wonderful book Frigate Pallas.
The history of this expedition is full of drama: here the Crimean War began, and the death of two frigates - the Pallas and the Diana that replaced it, and the slowness of Japanese officials who were in no hurry to open their country to foreigners ... Nevertheless, on February 7, 1855 Putyatin managed to conclude the first treaty in the history of Russian-Japanese relations, known as the Simodsky Treatise. The agreement defined the borders between the two countries, opened three Japanese ports for trade and laid the foundation for consular relations at the interstate level. By imperial decree, Putyatin, as head of the diplomatic mission, was granted the title of count. And for scientific research conducted during the voyage along the Far Eastern seas, Evfimiy Vasilyevich was elected an honorary member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Further service of Vice Admiral Count Putyatin took place in the diplomatic field. In 1855-1857, he was a naval agent in London and Paris, and then led a new diplomatic mission to China and Japan. In 1857, Putyatin concluded an additional agreement in Nagasaki, which gave the Russian merchants a number of benefits. In July of the following year, a trade and border agreement with China was signed in Tianjin. Then Putyatin again went to Japan, where on August 7 he concluded another profitable agreement, according to which the Japanese government provided the Russian courts with a more convenient port instead of Shimoda, allowed them to simplify trade and agreed to open an Orthodox church in Japan. Upon returning to St. Petersburg in August 1858, Count Putyatin, “for distinction in service”, was promoted to full admiral. He also becomes an honorary member of the Russian Geographical Society and receives a high award - the Order of St. Alexander Nevsky.
For two years, Count Putyatin served as a naval agent at the Russian embassy in London, and on July 2, 1861, Alexander II unexpectedly appointed him Minister of Education. True, the admiral did not stay in this position for long and resigned in January of the following year.
Shortly before his death, Putyatin was awarded the highest award of the Russian Empire - the Order of St. Andrew the First-Called.
He died in Paris and, according to his will, was buried in the Kiev Pechersk Lavra.

Cape on the west coast of Providence Bay. The name appeared in 1877 on a map compiled from the work of the "Vsadnik" clipper.


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