Samoilov Yakov Vladimirovich
(23.11 (05.12) .1870 - 09.29.1925)
in Odessa, in the family of a craftsman.
In 1893 he graduated with honors from the Natural Department of the
Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of Novorossiysk University.
Consisted of a supernumerary laboratory assistant in the
In 1895, Samoilov moved to Moscow and began working at Moscow
University under the direction of V.I. Vernadsky. In 1902, he
defended his thesis for a master's degree in mineralogy and geology
“Materials for Barite Crystallography” and was invited to lead the
Department of Mineralogy and Geology at the New Alexandrian
Agricultural Institute. He defended his doctoral dissertation
“Mineralogy of vein deposits of the Nagolny Ridge” in 1906 at Moscow
Since December 1906, Samoilov took the post of associate professor
at the Moscow Agricultural Institute, where he created the
Mineralogical Museum of Agronomic Ores. At the same time, in
1907-1911, as a privat-docent at Moscow University, he lectured in
mineralogy and taught at the Moscow City People's University. A.L.
Shaniavsky. In 1908, he organized a commission for the geological
study of phosphorites in Russia.
In 1911, together with a large group of liberal-minded university
professors, he was forced to leave Moscow University; in 1917 he
returned to it and was elected professor and director of the
Research Institute of Mineralogy. In 1919 he founded and headed the
Scientific Institute for Fertilizers (now the Research Institute for
Fertilizers and Insectofungicides named after Yakov Samoilov).
In 1913, Samoilov became a professor at the Department of Mineralogy
and Geology of the Moscow Agricultural Institute and a supernumerary
professor at the Moscow Commercial Institute.
The main direction of scientific activity of Samoilov was the study
of mineralogy and petrography of phosphorites. He developed a
biolithic theory of their origin and initiated the study of the
chemical composition of modern seas and living organisms.
In 1919, Samoilov, being a professor at the Moscow Mining Academy,
along with N.M. Fedorovsky headed its mineralogical institute.
In 1919, Samoilov was one of the first to suggest the presence of
potash deposits in the Solikamsk region, which was confirmed in
1926. In 1921, he organized complex geochemical work at the Floating
Marine Institute (Plavmorin). Together with
examined the soil columns of the Barents Sea.
He died in Moscow.
An island (Pukhovy or Samoilova) in
the Pakhtusov Bay off the southern coast of the southern island of
Novaya Zemlya. Pukhovy - an ancient Pomeranian name. Named after
Samoilov in 1927, the 14th expedition of Plavmornin to the
expedition ship "Persey".