Zavalishin Nikolay Irinarkhovich
(1797 - 1847)
navigator, Arctic explorer, world traveler. The older
brother of the Decembrists Dmitry and Ippolit Zavalishins.
He came from the noble family of the Zavalishins, dating
back to the Rev. Andrian Ondrusovsky.
In 1822, with the rank of lieutenant, he participated in an
expedition to explore the White Sea.
In 1823, instead of the ill navigator S.E. Sofronova was
enrolled in the expedition of
according to the description of the Murmansk coast and
Novaya Zemlya on the New Earth brig. Litke could not get
enough of his tireless initiative assistant, who was the
soul of all filming on the Lapland coast. Zavalishin
participated in the last voyage of the New Earth brig in
In 1825, he participated in the transition on the frigate
"Elena" from Arkhangelsk to Kronstadt.
In the years 1826-1828. Zavalishin was appointed a senior
officer on the sloop "Senyavin", which under the command of
F.P. Litke made a circumnavigation from Kronstadt around
Cape Horn to Russian America (Alaska). From there, the ship
sailed to Kamchatka, and then sailed to the Caroline
Islands, where Zavalishin was directly involved in the study
of the newly discovered Senyavin Islands and Bonin Islands.
Returning to Kamchatka, Zavalishin wrote off illness from
the Senyavin and drove through Siberia to Kronstadt, thus
completing a trip around the world.
From 1836 he commanded the Baltic Rowing Flotilla until his
retirement in 1839 with the rank of captain of the 2nd rank.
The “Notes on the New Earth” written by him were lost in the
archives of the Scientific Committee of the Naval Staff.
A bay in the Teriberskaya
Bay of the Barents Sea on the Murmansk coast of the Kola
Peninsula. Named F.P. Litke in 1823