Baird Spencer Fullerton
(03.02.1823 - 19.08.1887)
American ornithologist, ichthyologist and herpetologist.
Born in Reading, Pennsylvania.
From 1836 to 1840 he studied at Dickinson College.
In 1838, Baird met with ornithologist John James Audubon, who provided him with a portion of his collection of birds and thereby identified the main area of Baird research. In 1841, a young explorer made a walking ornithological expedition to the mountains of Pennsylvania, passing 650 km in 21 days, of which 95 km in the last day alone.
In 1845, Baird became a professor of natural sciences at the college, in addition, he headed the department of chemistry since 1848, lectured on physiology and mathematics, and oversaw the college’s scientific collections.
In 1850, after being appointed assistant secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, he began to collect a huge collection of birds, reptiles and other animals of the Smithsonian Society. He published the monographs "Birds", "Mammals of North America" and "History of North American Birds".
In 1871, Baird was appointed Commissioner of Fisheries and Fisheries, and in 1878 he occupied the post of Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution and served in both positions until his death in 1887, in which he created.
He died in the established biological laboratory in the town of Woods Hole, USA. He was buried in Oak Hill Cemetery, Washington, District Columbia.
Return to the main page