Baranov Peter Ionovich
Soviet military and party leader.
Born in St. Petersburg in the family of a cart driver, graduated
from Chernyaevskie General Education Courses.
In 1912 he joined the
Russian Social Democratic Labor Party (Bolsheviks).
For active revolutionary activities Baranov was repeatedly
subjected to repression.
In 1913 he was arrested in the case of the Central Bureau of
Trade Unions, expelled from St. Petersburg and deprived of his right
of residence in major cities of Russia.
In 1915, the military service began Baranova.
In 1916, by the verdict of the court martial for anti-government
propaganda work among the soldiers, he was sentenced to eight years
in prison, but was released soon after the February revolution.
He was elected chairman of the front-line department of
Rumcherod, and then chairman of the revcom committee of the Romanian
In 1918, Baranov joined the Red Army, where he held various
elective and commanding positions.
So, he was a member of the Committee of the
Russian Social Democratic Labor Party (Bolsheviks) of the 8th
Army, commanded the 4th working army in Ukraine, was a member of the
Centroshtab of Donbass, then on the eastern, Turkestan and southern
fronts was a member of the Revolutionary Military Council, head of
the political department.
During the operation near Kronstadt in 1921 he was awarded the
Order of the Red Banner.
In 1923–1924, Baranov served as chief and commissar of armor
forces; in the following years, his life and work were mainly
connected with the air force.
In January 1925, Baranova was appointed head of the Red Army Air
At the same time in 1925-1931 he was a member of the
Revolutionary Military Council of the USSR.
In 1931, Baranov became a member of the Presidium of the USSR
Supreme Economic Council and headed the All-Union Aviation
Association, from January 1932 held the posts of Deputy Commissar of
Heavy Industry and Head of the Main Directorate of Aviation
Baranov paid much attention and effort to work in public
He was the head of the Osoaviakhim aviation sector, the initiator
of the development of gliding and light-engine aviation, one of the
organizers of secondary technical and higher aviation education in
On his initiative, Moscow, Kharkov and Kazan aviation institutes
The activities of Baranov were awarded the
Order of Lenin, the
Order of the Red Banner, the
Military Order of the Khorezm Republic and the
Golden Star of the Bukhara Republic.
He died in a plane crash near Podolsk.
Buried in the
An island in the southwest of
Minin's skerries in the Kara Sea.