English traveler, geographer, social and political activist.
Born into a family of poor parents in the village of Dragley Beck
of the Yulverston parish in Lancashire.
Hot love for travel and adventure has been inherent in him since
After graduation, he served first at the iron foundry in
Liverpool, then visited Greenland with one whale, and on his return
from there he taught mathematics at Greenwich.
General erudition and great mathematical ability attracted
attention to him.
He received the position of the personal secretary of the famous
diplomat Lord George Macartney, who was appointed envoy to China in
Staying in China during the years 1792-1794, Barrow used to learn
Chinese and collected precious materials to study this country,
which he subsequently published.
After Makartni was appointed governor of the Cape Colony, Barrow
made several trips during his stay in South Africa, going deep into
After the completion of McCartney's activities, Barrow remained
in South Africa as a military and civil auditor-general.
In 1804, Lord Melville appointed him secretary to the Admiralty.
This post, with a short break in 1806, he held until 1845.
Barrow published a number of historical and geographical works in
English and German, incl.
several biographies of prominent English sailors.
During the reign of the Cabinet R. Peel received in 1835 the
title of baronet.
Leaving in 1845, the civil service, being retired, Barrow engaged
in literary activities.
He published autobiographical memoirs, notes on the Royal
Geographical Society, one of the founders in 1830 and the third
president of which he was, numerous articles and a number of books
about his trips to China and South Africa, about the life of Eastern
peoples, the history of Arctic research, etc.
The merits of Barrow in the field of geography were expressed,
moreover, in the promotion and patronage of expeditions equipped
with scientific goals.
He was the initiator and ideological inspirer of research on the
Northwest Passage in the Arctic Ocean, as well as the search for the
missing expedition of
He died in London.
He was buried in London, Westminster, at the
Islands east of the Parry Peninsula
in the Beaufort Sea.
An island (John Barrow) in
the Canadian Arctic archipelago between the Grinnell Peninsula and
The ridge on the Sabin
Peninsula Melville Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
Cape in the Chukchi Sea, the
northernmost tip of Alaska.
Opened in 1826 by navigator Elson from the expedition
Cape (John Barrow) on the
Darling Peninsula on the Ellesmere Coast of the Kane Basin.
Cape in the coronation bay
in northern Canada.
Named by J. Franklin in 1821.
on the Grinnell Peninsula of Devon Island in the Canadian Arctic
Lake on the Simpson Peninsula in
River in northern Canada, which
flows into Fox Bay.
The Bay in Simpson Strait
between the North American mainland and King William Island.
Bay in the west of the Grinnell
Peninsula of Devon Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
Strait between the islands of
Somerset, Cornwallis and Devon.
Opened and named in 1819 as an expedition on the ships