Bashmakov Pavel Ivanovich
Hydrograph, a specialist in lighthouses and navigation aids.
Born in a large family of a servant of the Zhuzhmuys lighthouse
in the Gulf of Onega.
In 1904 he entered the nautical department of the Arkhangelsk
merchant marine school. After
the death of the father, the family was in a very difficult
financial situation. The
mother was forced to petition for material assistance to her son. Despite
all the difficulties, Bashmakov, thanks to his will and enormous
efficiency, in 1909 he successfully completed his studies and began
serving in hydrographic organizations. He
devoted more than 30 years to the hydrographic fence of the White,
Barents and Kara Seas. Since
1933, Bashmakov headed the Arkhangelsk and Novaya Zemlya
hydrographic departments, during 1921–1940 combined work with
teaching at the Arkhangelsk Marine Technical School, where he taught
courses in navigation, navigation, meteorology and astronomy.
Bashmakov published a number of books and articles on
hydrography, the history of the development of the Northern Sea
Route, wrote reviews on books on the Arctic and on articles in the
Great and Small Soviet Encyclopedias, was the author of several
inventions in the field of hydrography. His
name was widely known in marine circles. In
1924, he was awarded a sextant, on the lid of which an extract from
the order of the Maritime Office was engraved on a silver plate:
development of a number of guides for swimming in these waters".
In 1924, for the first time in the history of the Soviet Navy,
the cruiser Aurora and the training ship Komsomolets made a cruise
along the route Kronstadt-Arkhangelsk-Kronstadt. In
this campaign, Bashmakov, a connoisseur of the northern seas, was
entrusted with escorting ships at the Murmansk-Arkhangelsk stage.
He died in Arkhangelsk. Buried
in the cemetery
Hydrographic vessel "Pavel Bashmakov"
In the museum of the Arkhangelsk Nautical School, a separate
stand is dedicated to Bashmakov. From
1977 to 2007,
the hydrographic vessel Pavel Bashmakov operated in the Arctic,
owned by the
Federal State Unitary Enterprise Hydrographic Enterprise of the
Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation.
The strait between
the islands of Hoffmann and Becker in the archipelago of Zemlya
Franz Joseph. The
name was approved by the Arkhangelsk Regional Executive Committee in
1963 (Decision No. 651).