Bennett James Gordon 
(10.05.1841– 14.05.1918)


American newspaper tycoon. 
Born in New York. He was the first of three children of the famous journalist and publisher of the New York Herald, James Gordon Bennett and Henriette Agnes Bennett. 
Bennett was educated in private schools in Paris, under the guidance of his father mastered all the subtleties of the journalistic and publishing profession. To make a great newspaper was the main goal of the father, he bequeathed to his son. Bennett Jr. possessed all the necessary qualities for this - energy, acumen, abilities, was an honest and incorruptible person. 
Bennett's father was the first to understand the importance for the newspaper of publishing the publication of all sorts of sensational news in it, including criminal ones. The son, having received his father's case in 1867, successfully continued it, maintaining the high reputation of the newspaper. To attract the reader, he put into practice the publication of stories, stories with continuation, began to use steamboats, railway and telegraph to speed up the delivery of news, founded the staff of foreign correspondents of the newspaper. In order to develop and promote his business, he did not skimp on the financial support of expeditions to the most inaccessible regions of the Earth, including in their line-up his correspondents who were the first to bring him the most sensational and exciting news. Thus, in 1869–1871, Bennett financed the expedition of Henry M. Stanley to Africa in search of David Livingstone, in 1874–1878 - the expedition of the same Stanley on the Congo River, and in 1879–1881 he subsidized the famous, long-suffering, tragic expedition of J. De Long on the yacht "Jeannette". Bennett quickly realized that connecting to the so-called "Arctic issues", namely, navigation in the Northwest Passage, reaching the North Pole, is very beneficial for the development of its newspaper business. In addition to the expedition on “Jeannette”, with his financial support, 
Young's expedition was organized on “Pandora” 1875–1876, which set itself the goal of passing the North-West Passage from east to west in one season, F. Shvatka’s expedition 1878–1880 years in search of traces of the expedition of J. Franklin, the expedition of 1881, Lieutenant R. Berry in search of "Jeannette". Each of them included correspondents "New York Herald". At the same time, Bennett’s refusal to send his correspondent in 1874 with the expedition of W. Wiggins, who was going to the mouths of the Ob and Yenisei, looked strange. 
After the fiasco of W. Hilder’s adventurous attempt to reach the North Pole, Bennett withdrew from financing the Arctic expeditions, but did not completely lose interest in the Arctic.For a number of years, he paid for R. Peary's publications on his Arctic travels. For $ 25,000, he bought F. Cook’s materials about reaching the North Pole and published them along with R. Peary’s materials, triggering a rush of interest in his publication. 
After 1877, Bennett lived mostly in Paris. Together with J.W. Mackay, he founded the Commercial Telegraph Company, which laid the cable between America and Europe along the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean. Bennett organized the daily editions of his newspaper in London and Paris. The Paris edition was simply a manifestation of goodwill, as it turned out to be an unprofitable enterprise for it. He also owns the creation of a storm warning system used by owners of shipping companies. 
Bennett was a multifaceted personality and did not close only on the newspaper business. He paid much attention to sports, especially sailing, automobile, aviation, acting both as a patron and a participant of the competition. He established a number of cups of his own name. In 1866, his yacht "Henrietta" won the sailing race across the Atlantic. He spent over $ 30 million on his personal businesses, gaining the international fame of a playboy, an athlete, a traveler, an influential person. 
Having lived almost all his life as a bachelor, Bennett married at the age of 73 years.

 

Entrance to Passy Cemetery

 

He died in the French city of Beaulieu-sur-Mer , is buried in the Passy Cemetery in Ile de France.

 

Bennett Island

(photo E. Bruy)

Bennett Island. On the horizon Cape Emmeline

(photo by N. M. Stolbov)

Bennett Island

(photo E. Bruya)

Bennett Island

(photo E. Bruya)

Jeannette Island

(photo by N. M. Stolbov)

Henrietta Island

(photo by N. M. Stolbov)

 


An island in the East Siberian Sea. Opened and named the expedition of De Long in 1881.

 

Bennett Island

( NASA image )


An islet in the depths of Lawrence Bay. Opened by expedition O. Kotzebue in 1816 and named after V. S. Khramchenko. The modern name was given in 1881 by the captain of the ship “Rogers”, Lieutenant R. M. Berry, sent in search of the expedition of J. De Long.

Cape on the island of Henrietta archipelago De Long. The name was given by a high-latitude expedition to the Sadko l / c in 1937. 
On behalf of the mother and sister, Bennett De Long called the island (Henrietta) and the ship of his expedition “Jeannette”.The ship was named after another island in the De Long archipelago.
Cape in the east of the Parry Peninsula in the Beaufort Sea.

 

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