Berezhnykh Ilya Avtonomovich
Navigator, hydrograph, explorer of the Arctic.
Born in the family of an officer. In
1810 he entered the Baltic Navigation School, which he graduated in
1819, receiving the title of navigator assistant non-commissioned
In the years 1820-1824, Berezhnykh, under the leadership of P.F. Anjou participated
in the inventory of the northern shores of Siberia and the New
Siberian Islands. He
surveyed the mouths of the Indigirka, Khromsky Bay and Merkushyna
Strelka, Bykovskaya channel of the Lena, the southern and eastern
shores of Kotelny Island, the islands of Bolshoi and Maly Lyakhovsky,
participated in sled routes in order to search for Sannikov Land. In
1823, the now non-existing islands of Semenovskiy and Vasilievsky,
composed mainly of fossil ice, were mapped.
At the end of the expedition "for the difference" Berezhnykh was
promoted to navigator assistants of the 14th class, awarded with an
additional salary of 250 rubles each. per
year and increase 3 years of service.
In 1825, by order of the Admiralty Berezhniy, he led a detachment
of the Pechora expedition, which was ordered to describe the shores
of the Barents Sea from the Pechora River to Cape Kanin Nos at the
entrance to the White Sea and the island of Kolguev for a year. His
assistant was the later famous P.K. Pakhtusov. Having
overcome great difficulties and hardships, enduring hardships,
constantly risking their lives, the
Berezhnykh detachment during the
field season of 1826 (from the end of May to October inclusive)
solved the task set for him.
After the work was completed in February 1828, Berezhnykh
presented to the Admiralty a plan for describing the eastern shores
of Novaya Zemlya, most of which no other researcher had yet seen. He
offered to prepare a large launch in Pustozersk, hire 8 local people
and buy 300 deer. In
the spring to overtake the deer to the Yugorsky ball and from there
on the karbas to transport them to the southern coast of Novaya
there is no suitable wintering place on the site, transport one hut. After
collecting the whole expedition, a part of people on the Karbas
should go to the eastern mouth of the Matochkin shar, and the second
part should go there on deer; at
the end of wintering move with the inventory to the north and return
to Arkhangelsk by the autumn.
The project was held by various departmental authorities and was
eventually rejected, apparently because of its multi-stagedness and
cumbersome nature, the difficulty of preserving a large number of
project was accepted by P.K. Pakhtusov,
"as the simplest".
Berezhnykh was sent for hydrographic work to the shores of Greece
and Turkey, participated in the Russian-Turkish war. He
managed to return to St. Petersburg only in 1831, but he was no
longer allowed into the Arctic, or indeed to the sea. The
disease tied the sailor to the shore.
Died Berezhnykh in the rank of captain of the
naval navigator corps.
a short obituary it was written: "The work suffered in hydrographic
studies exhausted his health and led to his early death". Conceived
Berezhnykh, a plan to study the eastern shores of Novaya Zemlya
was implemented by his assistant Pakhtusov.
the northwestern tip of the Anjou island of the Faddeevsky island of
the Novosibirsk Islands archipelago. In
1822, the expedition P.F.
opened and called.