Berezhnykh Ilya Avtonomovich 

Navigator, hydrograph, explorer of the Arctic. 
Born in the family of an officer. In 1810 he entered the Baltic Navigation School, which he graduated in 1819, receiving the title of navigator assistant non-commissioned officer rank. 
In the years 1820-1824, Berezhnykh, under the leadership of P.F. Anjou participated in the inventory of the northern shores of Siberia and the New Siberian Islands. He surveyed the mouths of the Indigirka, Khromsky Bay and Merkushyna Strelka, Bykovskaya channel of the Lena, the southern and eastern shores of Kotelny Island, the islands of Bolshoi and Maly Lyakhovsky, participated in sled routes in order to search for Sannikov Land. In 1823, the now non-existing islands of Semenovskiy and Vasilievsky, composed mainly of fossil ice, were mapped. 
At the end of the expedition "for the difference" Berezhnykh was promoted to navigator assistants of the 14th class, awarded with an additional salary of 250 rubles each. per year and increase 3 years of service. 
In 1825, by order of the Admiralty Berezhniy, he led a detachment of the Pechora expedition, which was ordered to describe the shores of the Barents Sea from the Pechora River to Cape Kanin Nos at the entrance to the White Sea and the island of Kolguev for a year. His assistant was the later famous P.K. Pakhtusov. Having overcome great difficulties and hardships, enduring hardships, constantly risking their lives, the
Berezhnykh detachment during the field season of 1826 (from the end of May to October inclusive) solved the task set for him. 
After the work was completed in February 1828, Berezhnykh presented to the Admiralty a plan for describing the eastern shores of Novaya Zemlya, most of which no other researcher had yet seen. He offered to prepare a large launch in Pustozersk, hire 8 local people and buy 300 deer. In the spring to overtake the deer to the Yugorsky ball and from there on the karbas to transport them to the southern coast of Novaya Zemlya. If there is no suitable wintering place on the site, transport one hut. After collecting the whole expedition, a part of people on the Karbas should go to the eastern mouth of the Matochkin shar, and the second part should go there on deer; at the end of wintering move with the inventory to the north and return to Arkhangelsk by the autumn. 
The project was held by various departmental authorities and was eventually rejected, apparently because of its multi-stagedness and cumbersome nature, the difficulty of preserving a large number of deer. The project was accepted by P.K. Pakhtusov, "as the simplest". 
Berezhnykh was sent for hydrographic work to the shores of Greece and Turkey, participated in the Russian-Turkish war. He managed to return to St. Petersburg only in 1831, but he was no longer allowed into the Arctic, or indeed to the sea. The disease tied the sailor to the shore. 
Died Berezhnykh in the rank of captain of the
 naval navigator corps. In a short obituary it was written: "The work suffered in hydrographic studies exhausted his health and led to his early death". Conceived by Berezhnykh, a plan to study the eastern shores of Novaya Zemlya was implemented by his assistant Pakhtusov. 
Cape on the northwestern tip of the Anjou island of the Faddeevsky island of the Novosibirsk Islands archipelago. In 1822, the expedition P.F.
Anjou opened and called.


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