Berezkin Vsevolod Aleksandrovich
oceanologist, Arctic explorer.
Born in Kovno in the family of a veterinarian. After
graduating from high school in Vologda in 1918, Berezkin served as a
volunteer in the engineering forces of the Red Army. Without
leaving the army service, he graduated in absentia from two courses
of the Mining Institute, after which in 1920, as part of the
expedition, Ubekosever participated in hydrographic work in the
White Sea. For
the next eight years, Berezkin combined active expeditionary
activities with studies at the Naval Hydrographic School (graduated
in 1922), at the geographical faculty of Leningrad State University
(graduated in 1925), at the hydrographic faculty of the Military
Medical Academy (graduated in 1928). Fundamental
and multilateral training has made him one of the largest domestic
specialists in his field. Berezkin
published his first scientific paper, Tides on a
Novaya Zemlya, in 1928. He
took part in many expeditions in the Barents, Kara, Greenland seas. Analyzing
the features of the currents in the northern part of the Kara Sea,
registered in 1932 during an expedition to the "Taimyr"
icebreaking steamer, he
predicted the existence of extensive shallow water or not yet open
islands, defending his thesis on this topic.
In 1935, his predictions were brilliantly confirmed
by an expedition to the "Sadko"
icebreaking steamer that discovered the shallow
the island of Ushakov. In
1936, Berezkin defended his doctoral dissertation on the topic
“Greenland Sea and the Polar Basin”. In
1934–1939, he participated in various cruises in the Arctic in
various vessels, among which there was a through passage of the
Northern Sea Route from Leningrad to Vladivostok on an ice-cutter
All these and subsequent years, Berezkin also conducted active
teaching activities at the
Naval Academy, Leningrad
University, the Hydrometeorological and Arctic Institutes. In
1937, he became head of the department of hydrometeorology at the
Naval Academy and was approved in the academic title of
In the war years, Berezkin carried out special tasks of the
fleet, since 1943 he served as head of the Maritime Administration
and Deputy Head of the Hydrometeorological Service of the Soviet
naval and ground service in critical posts undermined his health. In
1944, he was forced to limit himself to teaching at the
Naval Academy, while continuing his scientific work. He
is the author of more than 60 scientific publications, including
several monographs, he was a member of many academic councils, and a
deputy editor-in-chief for each volume of the Sea Atlas.
Grave V.A. Berezkin
until September 2008
Merit Berezkin marked orders of the Red
Banner of Labor.
Before he was 50 years old, Berezkin died in Leningrad and was
buried at the Smolensk
Lutheran cemetery in
the grave of his father Alexander Kirillovich, whom he survived by
only nine years. A
massive granite stele was installed on the granite pedestal on the
the 1980-1990s, modern vandals, apparently having worked hard, threw
the stela off the pedestal. Having
responded to the letter of the author of these lines, the
Naval Academy named
after Admiral Kuznetsov in September 2008 restored the gravestone.
of the Strait of the Austrian Channel in the archipelago of Franz-Josef
by Soviet cartographers in the 1950s.