Berg Lev Semenovich (Simonovich)
encyclopedic scholar, geographer, biologist, academician, winner of
Born in the city of Bender, Bessarabian province, in the family
of a notary. While
still studying at the Kishinev gymnasium (1885–1894), he was fond of
natural science — he collected herbariums, dissected fish, read
scientific literature. In
1894, he was baptized and entered the Moscow University. Already
a student became known experiments on fish breeding. The
diploma work on pike embryology was the sixth printed work of a
talented young man.
In 1898, after graduating from the University of Berg with a gold
medal, he worked in the Ministry of Agriculture as an inspector of
fisheries in the Aral Sea and the Volga, and explored steppe lakes,
rivers, and deserts. In
1902-1903 he studied hydrology in Bergen (Norway), and during
1904-1913 he worked in the Zoological Museum of the St. Petersburg
Academy of Sciences.
In 1913, Berg moved to Moscow, where he received a professorship
at the Moscow Agricultural Institute, occupying it until 1918. Since
1916 he combined teaching at the Agricultural Institute with work at
the Department of Physical Geography of St. Petersburg University. In
1915 he was awarded the Great
Konstantinovsky Medal of the IRGO.
In 1918, Berg finally left Moscow and connected his life with
Leningrad, the Leningrad University, of which he remained until the
end of his days, during 1922-1934 was also head of the department of
applied ichthyology of the State Institute of Experimental Agronomy
(later the Institute of Fisheries), from 1940 year headed the
All-Union Geographical Society.
Berg was a prominent geographer and historian of geography, an
outstanding ichthyologist. He
developed and deepened the ideas of V.V. Dokuchaeva
on the zones of nature, created the doctrine of geographical
the field of the history of geography, his works are devoted to the
discoveries of Russians in Asia, the Antarctic, Alaska, old maps,
the life of small nations, and the biographies of scientists. Thanks
to Berg, many forgotten names and facts of Russian priority were
A plaque on the house LS Berg
at Petersburg, English Pr, four
For many years he studied limnology, exploring the
lakes of Western Siberia, the Aral, Balkhash, Issyk-Kul, Ladoga. The
works of Berg also touched upon the problems of the geomorphology of
the Aral Sea region, Siberia, the Caucasus, Chernihiv region, and
Berg's scientific style and methods of work impressed with
extraordinary productivity (he owns over 800 works). He
was distinguished by iron self-discipline, tenacious memory, ability
to work without drafts and in any conditions, clarity and clarity of
presentation (the text began with the definition of concepts) and
conclusions, an excellent literary language.
During many years of teaching, Berg brought up
many Soviet geographers.
Merit Berg awarded two orders of
the Red Banner of Labor, medals "For
Valiant Labor in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945." and "For
the Defense of Leningrad".
He died in Leningrad and was buried in the Literatorsky
footbridge of the Volkovsky cemetery. Granite
stele with a high-relief portrait.
the island of George Land archipelago Franz Josef Land. Named
by Soviet cartographers in the 1950s.
the northeast of the island of the October Revolution of the
archipelago Severnaya Zemlya. In
1913, opened by the
hydrographic expedition of the Arctic Ocean 1910–1915 under the command of B.А.Vilkitsky.
The river on
Taimyr, a tributary of the Tessema River.