Berh Vasiliy Nikolaevich
A sailor by training, a scientist, known for his historical and
Born in Moscow.
After graduating from the Marine Corps in the rank of midshipman
in 1799, he began service in the Baltic Fleet.
Berch was in the squadron sent to the aid of the British during
the liberation of Holland from the French.
After this campaign, he spent several months in England, having
fully mastered English.
Berch participated in the first Russian expedition around the
world under the command of Yu.F.
Lisyansky on the sloop "Neva".
In 1808, he submitted for publication a map of the
Russian-American possessions compiled by him, for which he received
a diamond ring.
This period also includes the beginning of his literary activity.
He published several translations of travel descriptions,
articles, the life story of Admiral Nelson.
In 1809, due to illness, Berch was forced to resign, receiving
the rank of lieutenant commander and a pension of 800 rubles a year.
Departure to Perm for 8 years interrupted his literary
He painstakingly engaged in the collection of historical
materials, which formed the basis of his many subsequent works.
In 1821, Berch returned to service in the Admiralty Department.
From this period his literary activity resumed, which became
unusually fruitful and made him an outstanding naval historian.
Among his many essays of historical and historical-geographical
nature, which have not lost interest so far, was the Chronological
History of All Journeys to the Northern Polar Countries, published
Almost every year he published 1–2 major works, not counting
numerous articles in various journals.
In 1823, Berch became an honorary member of the Admiralty
Department, in 1827 - an honorary member of the Marine Scientific
Committee, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel, and in 1830 -
colonel of the KFSh.
The name of Berch, as a connoisseur of history, especially the
history of discoveries in the North, was widely known in Western
He was a member of the Copenhagen Royal Society of Northern
Antiquities, the Mining Scientific Committee, the Free Society of
Lovers of Literature, Sciences and Arts.
For his work on the history of the fleet and the XVII century,
Berch repeatedly received various awards.
He died in St. Petersburg.
He was buried at the Smolensk Orthodox cemetery.
The grave is not preserved.
In the background is Berh
Island, in the fore - Lichutin
Island, between them - Pakhtusov
(photo by EA Korago)
Island near about.
William near the west coast of the northern island of New Earth.
Named in 1822,
Cape on the east coast of
the southern island of New Earth.
Opened in 1833 and named