Bertrand (Bertrand) Marseille Alexander
geologist, member of the Academy of Sciences of Paris (1896),
foreign corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of
Sciences (1899), professor of the mining school in Paris.
Born in Paris. The
founder of modern plate tectonics. Son
mathematician Joseph Louis Francois Bertrand. He
graduated from the Polytechnic School and Eco Polytechnique and the
Higher National Gogr School in Paris, to which he will later return
as a professor.
Bertrand first introduced the concept of the periodic nature of
large tectonic movements and the main epochs of folding (Huronian,
Caledonian, Hercynian, Alpine), and established a number of
regularities in the development of magmatic processes. His
observations in the Alps marked the beginning of the theory of
He died in Paris. Buried
in the cemetery of Montparnasse.
the north-west of the island of Greeley archipelago Franz-Josef