Bianki Valentin Lvovich
Russian zoologist, ornithologist and entomologist. The
father of the classic of domestic children's literature, Vitaly
Born in Moscow, brought up in high school Gurevich.
From childhood he was interested in natural science, in the
gymnasium he devoted all the holidays to collecting zoological and
botanical collections. However, life was such that the biological
education of Bianchi did not receive. He
went to study at the Military Medical Academy, from which in 1883 he
was released as a doctor.
Then for two years he was an intern at the clinic of internal
diseases, Professor Koshlakov, and a duty doctor at the Mariinsky
In January 1885, Bianki took the place of a rural
doctor in Staritsky district of the Tver province.
However, as in the gymnasium years, zoology attracted him most in
life (the first scientific publication on ornithology was published
in 1884, even during active medical practice). At
the first opportunity, in September of the same year, he, at the
suggestion of Professor E.K. Brandt,
moved to the post of assistant at the Department of Zoology and
Comparative Anatomy at the Military Medical Academy, where he could
engage in scientific research.
In April 1887, Bianchi took up the post of scientist-keeper of
the entomological department of the Zoological Museum of the Academy
of Sciences, where he studied mostly butterflies and beetles. For
a long time, material difficulties did not allow him to finally
abandon teaching work. He
was not fully engaged in ornithology until 1896, at the age of 38,
when he was elected to the Physics and Mathematics Division of the
Academy of Sciences for the post of senior zoologist. From
that moment until his death, Bianchi headed the ornithological
department of the Zoological Museum of the Academy of Sciences.
In 1908, at the invitation of P.Yu. Schmidt,
in the composition of the zoological department of the expedition
Bianki worked in Kamchatka. During
the summer months he performed ornithological research in the
vicinity of Petropavlovsk and in the valley of the Kamchatka River
from Ust-Kamchatsk to Kozyrevsk, collecting a large ornithological
While conducting observations on the middle course of the
Kamchatka River, Bianki visited the foot of the Klyuchevsky volcano
and registered 62 species of birds in the Klyuchey area. Then
he went upriver to Kozyrevsk, but due to the onset of autumn and the
end of the expeditionary period allotted to him, he was forced to
descend the river to Ust-Kamchatsk, from where he returned to
Petersburg via Petropavlovsk.
In 1911 he was awarded the Small Gold Medal of the Russian
Bianchi is the author of a number of capital research papers. Among
his numerous ornithological studies, first of all, it should be
noted a number of monographs on the systematics of various birds -
snowcocks, pheasants, finches, larks, titmouses, bullfinches,
flycatchers and others. An
important place in the scientific heritage of Valentin Lvovich is
occupied by the first volume of the Fauna of Russia, in which
detachments of agar-like and trubkosov birds are described with
great methodological importance was the publication of the compiled
Bianchi "Instructions for collecting birds, their eggs and nests".
He died in Petrograd. He
was buried at Shuvalovskoye
pedestal, the cross is lost.
island is among
the islands of the Eastern Nordensheld archipelago in the Kara Sea. It
was mapped in 1901 by the Russian Polar expedition member F.A. Mathisen and
named E.V. Toll.