Beachy Frederick William
navigator and traveler, the son of Sir Williams Beachy, a famous
Born in London. He
came to the fleet at the age of ten, took part in the combat
operations of the English fleet against the French in 1810-1812. In
1818, Beachy made his first voyage to the Arctic. He
participated in the expedition to the North Pole under the command
of David Buchan on the ships "Dorothea" and "Trent" as an assistant
to the captain of "Trent" J.
instructions of the Admiralty ordered ships to go to the pole from
that time it was not known about the existence of a powerful
counter-current, which carried a huge amount of ice from the polar
expedition made three unsuccessful attempts to penetrate north. During
the third attempt, ice-clamped vessels could reach only 80° 34'N. Due
to the frequent strong compression of the ships more than once found
themselves in a critical situation. This
is how Beachy, in his report published only in 1843, describes one
of these moments: “... We felt how Trent squeezed on all sides and
lifted four feet up by force of pressure, tilted to the side more
than five cladding boards. The
most significant damage happened in the stern, which was compressed
to the point that all the doors of the cabins swung open and the
door frames warped. Akhtershteveni moved from place to three towers
and cracked in some places. "Dorothea"
suffered even more, several of her beams broke in half, and the two
boards of the lower deck were twisted and completely broken".
"Dorothea" could no longer continue to attempt to enter the ice, and
Buchan ordered to return, although Franklin wanted to continue
The next year, in 1819, Beachy was part of the expedition of William
Parry on the Hekla
and Graiper ships, which set off in search of the Northwest Passage,
moving from east to west towards Franklin’s land expedition. This
expedition managed to make interesting and important discoveries to
establish a through passage. For
the first time managed to get through the Strait Lancaster,
open the straits
of Barrow and Vaikunt-Melville (to the west), Prince Regent (to the
south) and Wellington (to the north),
as well as the coast of the adjacent land. However,
the main task failed.
In 1821, he served under Captain W. Smith, a veteran of
hydrography, and then took photographs of the northern coast of
this shooting, Beachy, who received the rank of Captain 3rd rank,
was sent along with his brother G. Beachy to the classical region of
ancient Greece to study ancient structures. In
1828 he published a report on the expedition and a description of
this ancient country.
In 1825, Beachy was led by one of the teams of the expedition,
with the goal of opening the Northwest Passage. He
was supposed to move from the Bering Strait eastward on the Blossom
vessel to a meeting with the U. Parry detachment from the Baffin Sea
and the J. Franklin ground detachment. It
was planned to meet all units at any point, which would mean the
opening of a through passage. Beachy
managed to pass up to 71° 23'31"N and
156° 21' 30" W,
but failed to complete the task, and at the end of 1828 after a
three-year absence, having traveled a total of 70 thousand miles,
Blossom returned to Plymouth. For
the first time, the entire southern coast of the Chukchi Sea east of
the Bering Strait was mapped, for the first time correctly laid on
the map of Diomede Island. With
this expedition, Beachy has forever inscribed his name in the
history of American Arctic research.
After 17 years, a small island in the Lancaster Strait
named after Beachy, became the site of the first wintering of the
tragic expedition of J. Franklin. Due
to this, the name Beachy constantly appeared in the plans and
reports of numerous search expeditions.
After the Arctic expedition, Beachy was engaged in surveying the
coast of Central America and Mexico, and since 1837 hydrographic
work in the Irish and Bristol channels.It is to him that England
owes detailed knowledge of these water areas belonging to her.
In 1847, Beachy was assigned to the naval department at the
Ministry of Commerce, in 1854 he was promoted to rear admiral, and
in 1855 replaced Lord Elsmir,
becoming the 13th President of the Royal Geographical Society. Suffering
from a serious illness, he, nevertheless, to the end of his days
devoted himself entirely to the affairs of the geographical society.
He died in his home in Hyde Park.
An islet near
the southwestern coast of Devon Island in the Canadian Arctic
Point) in the south of the Kent Peninsula in the Melville Strait in
the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
the northeast of Ellesmere Island in the Robson Strait.
the Beaufort Sea east of longitude 150° W.
Cape, the extreme northwestern
point of the Glen Peninsula on Orvin Earth, the island of
Northeastern Earth, Spitsbergen. Coordinates 80°
21.0'N 24° 08.0'E.