Blaramberg Ivan (Johann) Fedorovich 

Russian military topographer, lieutenant general. 
Born in Frankfurt am Main. Early lost his parents and brought up by his aunt. In 1820 he entered the University of Hesse, where he attended lectures on mathematics, statistics and various legal disciplines. 
In the spring of 1823, Blaramberg, at the invitation of his uncle, the famous archaeologist I.P. Blaramberg, appeared in Russia and settled with his relatives in Moscow. During the year he studied Russian language, history and geography, improved in French literature, mathematics and drawing, in 1824 took Russian citizenship. 
In 1825, Blaramberg moved to Petersburg and entered the Institute of the Corps of Railway Engineers, from which he graduated in 1828 and received the rank of lieutenant. 
His service began in the Balkans, where he sketched the battlefields of the Russian-Turkish war of 1828–1829, scenes of battles and architectural monuments, and also collected coins, old weapons and other antiquities. 
In 1830, Blaramberg was transferred to the General Staff and appointed to the Separate Caucasian Corps, in which he participated in hostilities and was awarded the Order of St. Vladimir of 4 degrees, and a gold sword “for bravery”. 
During 1832–33, he carried out a great work on the description of the Caucasus, for which he received a large monetary reward and the Order of St. Stanislav of 3 degrees, then as part of the expedition of G.S. Karelina studied the shores of the Caspian Sea. The results of this work were published by him in 1850 in the publication of the IRGO, into which he was admitted immediately after the founding of the Company in 1845 on the recommendation of its founders F.P. Litke and F.P. Wrangel. 
Blaramberg devoted many years to work in Central Asia, Persia, Afghanistan, participated in hostilities. In 1839, he prepared and sent to St. Petersburg a memorandum entitled “A Look at Contemporary Events in Afghanistan” and a review paper “Information about Khorosan, Four Oymaks, Gezar, Uzbeks, Sistan, Balochistan and Afghanistan”, in 1840 a detailed note “Siege the city of Herat, undertaken by the Persian army under the leadership of Magomed Shah in 1837 and 1838", and Statistical Review of Persia. 
From 1843, Blaramberg served as chief quartermaster of the Separate Orenburg Corps, and from 1845 he was already a colonel and a full chief quartermaster. Under his leadership, a topographical survey of the Kyrgyz steppe, Ustyurt, the Southern Urals was carried out. For differences in military operations against Kokand, Blaramberg was promoted to major general in October 1852, and three years later transferred to St. Petersburg at the disposal of the Minister of War and the quartermaster general of the General Staff.

The result of his many years of work in Orenburg was the work “Military Statistical Survey of the Kyrgyz Kaisak Lands of the Internal (Bukeevsky) and Zauralsky (Lesser) Hordes of the Orenburg Office for Reconnaissance and Materials Collected on the Site, Compiled by the Chief Quartermaster of the Orenburg Corps General Staff Colonel Blaramberg.

In St. Petersburg, Blaramberg led the compilation of the “General Map of the Russian Empire”; in 1862, he was promoted to lieutenant general; in 1863, he was appointed manager of the Military Topographical Part of the General Directorate General Directorate; in 1866, he was appointed Head of the Military Topographical Department of the General Staff and Head of the Military Topographers Corps. 
In 1869, he became a member of the Military Scientific Committee of the General Staff, and in October 1869 - a member of the Commission under the Ministry of War for the distribution of benefits. 
At this his brilliant eventful career ended.

In addition to the Order of St. Stanislav 3 degrees, the merits of Blaramberg were marked by the Russian orders of St. Vladimir of 2, 3 and 4 degrees, St. Anne 1 and 2degrees, St. Stanislaus 1 degree, St. George 4 degrees, the White Eagle and foreign orders of the Persian Leo and Sun 1 degree with ribbon and 2 degrees with diamonds, Italian Saints of Mauritius and Lazarus 2 degrees with star. 
Blaramberg spent the rest of his life at the estate of his wife on the Chernaya River near Sevastopol. Here he wrote and prepared for print memoirs, published in 1872–1875 in Berlin in German. 
Mountain in the far northeast of the island of Edge, Svalbard archipelago. Named by the German geographer A. Peterman.


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