ichthyologist and fishery worker.
After graduating from Moscow University, he was in charge of
fisheries in the Far East, produced scientific research. Since
1912, he headed the entire fisheries of Russia and organized
many expeditions to study fishing.
In 1913 he founded the first higher education
institution in Russia in fisheries: the Department of Fish
Science at the Moscow Agricultural Institute (now Timiryazev
The last years of his life Brazhnikov spent in Tokyo, giving
lectures at the Institute of Fish Science. His
main scientific work: "Autumn fishing in the lower reaches of
the Amur" and "Materials on the fauna of the Russian eastern
the Yenisei Gulf of the Kara Sea. It
is mapped on the
Great Northern Expedition 1733–1743. Named
the Yenisei Gulf. Named
at the cape.