Brounov Petr Ivanovich
meteorologist and agrometeorologist.
Born in Petersburg. His
father Ivan Matveyevich Brounov, a talented artist, taught at the
Academy of Arts. The
mother, the daughter of a naval officer who died in the Sea of
Okhotsk, died early, and the upbringing of her son rested entirely
on the father’s shoulders. He
was a great lover of nature, and frequent walks with his son,
accompanied by fascinating stories about various phenomena of
nature, largely determined the vital interests of his son.
Up to 10 years, the boy was brought up at home, and then studied
in one of the best gymnasiums in St. Petersburg. Natural
abilities, brilliant memory and a serious attitude allowed him to
finish the gymnasium with a gold medal.
Observation, the influence of communication with the father
instilled in the young man a love of nature and the desire to study
before the end gymnasium, he became interested in
geography and physics.
In 1871, he entered the Physics and Mathematics Faculty of St.
Petersburg University, where he attended lectures of the largest
Russian professors in physical geography, astronomy and physics. After
a brilliant graduation in 1875, Brounov was left there for research
and teaching. He
set about preparing for exams and defending a master’s thesis in
physical geography. By
this time, his narrower specialization, meteorology, was determined. Since
1877, he became an employee of the Main Physical Observatory, which
at that time was the main scientific meteorological center in
work of Brounov in the observatory was led by academician M.A.
Rykachev, who organized a storm warning service on the Baltic
Sea and adjacent lakes during this period. The
young scientist has developed a number of techniques that
contributed to improving the quality and reliability of forecasts. The
results of his research were published in domestic and foreign
In 1880, Brounov, who did not agree with the scientific policy and
views of the Director of the Observatory, Academician G.I. Wild,
left the service and fully engaged in his dissertation, which he
defended in 1882.
The master's degree gave the right to teaching at universities,
and Brounov combined his scientific work with lecturing at St.
Petersburg University, where he enrolled as a privat-docent. Brounov's
lectures on general and synoptic meteorology, terrestrial magnetism
and atmospheric optics enjoyed great success and after two years
became compulsory courses for all students of the Faculty of Physics
Being engaged in scientific activities, he created a capital work
on anticyclones, which allowed him in 1886 to receive the degree of
doctor of meteorology and physical geography. At
the same time, he was awarded the prize of Professor P.A. Ilyenkov
(one of the founders of the Petrovsky, now Timiryazev, agricultural
worked closely with the meteorological commission of the
Imperial Russian Geographical Society,
headed by the outstanding Russian geographer and climatologist A.I. Voeikov. In
Imperial Russian Geographical Society awarded
Brounovov a gold
medal for his work in
The following year he was sent abroad to popularize the achievements
of Russian meteorology.
Upon his return, Brounov led teaching in various higher educational
institutions, was elected a professor at Kazan and Kiev
universities, combining teaching with research and work in the
Ministry of Agriculture. Since
1899, he is a professor in the Department of Geography of St.
Petersburg University, since 1908 - Professor Emeritus, in 1914 he
was elected a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of
In 1916, after the death of Voeikov Brounov, he left the department
of geography and moved to the department of meteorology and physical
geography, where he worked until the end of his life.
Brounov's scientific work has always been focused on achieving
practical results, which is why his scientific research has been
widely used in the national economy. Brounov
is considered to be the founder of agricultural meteorology and
American textbooks on agricultural meteorology, the network of
Russian agricultural meteorological stations was called "Brounovian".
He died in Leningrad, buried in one of the cemeteries of the
Alexander Nevsky Monastery. The
grave could not be found.
the west coast of the Gall Island of the Franz Josef Land
by the captain of the SM "Smolny" D.M
later by Soviet hydrographs.
the west coast of the northern island of Novaya
in 1913 G.Ya. Sedov.
Mack Bay. Brounov's
(photo by EA Korago)