Brounov Petr Ivanovich 
(21.12.1852(02.01.1853–24.04.1927)


Russian meteorologist and agrometeorologist. 
Born in Petersburg. His father Ivan Matveyevich Brounov, a talented artist, taught at the Academy of Arts. The mother, the daughter of a naval officer who died in the Sea of Okhotsk, died early, and the upbringing of her son rested entirely on the father’s shoulders. He was a great lover of nature, and frequent walks with his son, accompanied by fascinating stories about various phenomena of nature, largely determined the vital interests of his son. 
Up to 10 years, the boy was brought up at home, and then studied in one of the best gymnasiums in St. Petersburg. Natural abilities, brilliant memory and a serious attitude allowed him to finish the gymnasium with a gold medal. 
Observation, the influence of communication with the father instilled in the young man a love of nature and the desire to study it. Long before the end gymnasium, he became interested in geography and physics. 
In 1871, he entered the Physics and Mathematics Faculty of St. Petersburg University, where he attended lectures of the largest Russian professors in physical geography, astronomy and physics. After a brilliant graduation in 1875, Brounov was left there for research and teaching. He set about preparing for exams and defending a master’s thesis in physical geography. By this time, his narrower specialization, meteorology, was determined. Since 1877, he became an employee of the Main Physical Observatory, which at that time was the main scientific meteorological center in Russia. The work of Brounov in the observatory was led by academician M.A. Rykachev, who organized a storm warning service on the Baltic Sea and adjacent lakes during this period. The young scientist has developed a number of techniques that contributed to improving the quality and reliability of forecasts. The results of his research were published in domestic and foreign publications. 
In 1880, Brounov, who did not agree with the scientific policy and views of the Director of the Observatory, Academician G.I. Wild, left the service and fully engaged in his dissertation, which he defended in 1882. 
The master's degree gave the right to teaching at universities, and Brounov combined his scientific work with lecturing at St. Petersburg University, where he enrolled as a privat-docent. Brounov's lectures on general and synoptic meteorology, terrestrial magnetism and atmospheric optics enjoyed great success and after two years became compulsory courses for all students of the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics. 
Being engaged in scientific activities, he created a capital work on anticyclones, which allowed him in 1886 to receive the degree of doctor of meteorology and physical geography. At the same time, he was awarded the prize of Professor P.A. Ilyenkov (one of the founders of the Petrovsky, now Timiryazev, agricultural academy). Brounov worked closely with the meteorological commission of the
Imperial Russian Geographical Society, headed by the outstanding Russian geographer and climatologist A.I. Voeikov. In 1888, the Imperial Russian Geographical Society awarded Brounovov a gold medal for his work in meteorology. The following year he was sent abroad to popularize the achievements of Russian meteorology. 
Upon his return, Brounov led teaching in various higher educational institutions, was elected a professor at Kazan and Kiev universities, combining teaching with research and work in the Ministry of Agriculture. Since 1899, he is a professor in the Department of Geography of St. Petersburg University, since 1908 - Professor Emeritus, in 1914 he was elected a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 
In 1916, after the death of Voeikov Brounov, he left the department of geography and moved to the department of meteorology and physical geography, where he worked until the end of his life. 
Brounov's scientific work has always been focused on achieving practical results, which is why his scientific research has been widely used in the national economy. Brounov is considered to be the founder of agricultural meteorology and climatology. 
In American textbooks on agricultural meteorology, the network of Russian agricultural meteorological stations was called "Brounovian".

He died in Leningrad, buried in one of the cemeteries of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery. The grave could not be found. 
Islands off the west coast of the Gall Island of the Franz Josef Land Archipelago. Opened by the captain of the SM "Smolny" D.M Apollonov in 1933. Called later by Soviet hydrographs. 
Glacier on the west coast of the northern island of New Earth. Named in 1913 G.Ya. Sedov.

 

Mack Bay. Brounov's Glacier

(photo by EA Korago)

 

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