Bruckner Edward

(29.07.1862 - 20.05.1927)


German geographer, meteorologist, glaciologist and climatologist.

Born in Jena, son of a Russian historian of German origin, Alexander Brickner. After studying at the gymnasium in Karlsruhe, beginning in 1881, he studied meteorology and physics at the University of Dorpat, graduating in 1885.

He joined the German Hydrometeorological Service in Hamburg, then after studying in Dresden and Munich, he became a professor at the University of Bern in 1888.

From 1899, Bruckner was rector at the university. He returned to Germany in 1904, becoming a professor at the University of Halle. Two years later in 1906 he moved to the University of Vienna.

He died in Vienna.

Professor Bruckner was an expert on alpine glaciers and their influence on the landscape. In the period from 1901 to 1909, he collaborated with the German geographer and geologist Albrecht Panck to prepare a three-volume work entitled The Alps in the Ice Age, which remained classical for several decades.

Bruckner advocated the importance of the impact of climate change on the economy and the social structure of society. His research was devoted to paleoclimatic changes.They were offered a 35-year cycle of cold, wet weather, alternating with warm, dry weather in northwestern Europe (the Bruckner cycle).

The German Research Center established the Edward Bruckner Prize for outstanding achievements in interdisciplinary climate research.

Glacier in the southern part of the Albert I Land. The coordinates are 79o 20'N  11o 00 'E.


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