Buchanan John Young

(20.02.1844 - 16.10.1925)


Scottish chemist, oceanographer, Arctic explorer, member of the famous circumnavigation on the sailing-motor vessel Challenger.

Born in Parthill, Glasgow, England.

He studied in high school in Glasgow, and then studied chemistry at the University of Glasgow. He lived in Europe for a long time, studied at the universities of Marburg, Leipzig, Bonn and Paris. He graduated in 1863.

He began work as an assistant to Professor Alexander Kram Brown at the University of Edinburgh.

In 1870, he was elected a member of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, the creator of which was Brown. He then lived in a prestigious address in the West End in Edinburgh.

In 1873, Buchanan became a chemist on a three-year expedition on the Challenger.

Buchanan's ideas about ocean currents contradicted the long-established views set forth by A. Humboldt.

During the years 1885-1887, the Royal Geographical Society awarded him the Keith Runcorn Prize, which marks the best British work in geophysics.

From 1889 to 1903, Buchanan lectured in geography at the University of Cambridge.

Died in London, buried in Edinburgh with his parents against the western wall of Dinsky Cemetery.

The peninsula and mountain range at the head of the Raudfjord, Alberta I Land , the island of Western Spitsbergen. Coordinates 79° 40'N   12° 00'E.

The mountain range is 2 km long in the eastern part of Prince Karl Forland Island, Svalbard. Coordinates 78° 39.0'N   11° 07.0'E.

Glacier wide 12 km to the east of the north of Prince Karl Forland Island, Svalbard. Coordinates 78° 39.0'N    11° 07.0'E.


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