Buchholz Reinhold Wilhelm

(02.10.1837 - 17.04.1876)


German zoologist and traveler, MD He made a great contribution in the field of herpetology, carcinology and ichthyology.

Born in Frankfurt an der Oder.

He studied science and medicine at the University of Königsberg. Then, for several years he worked as a doctor, continued to study medicine.In addition to his main work, he focused on zoology, conducted research on the central nervous system of mollusks.

During a trip to Norway, R. Buchholz discovered a new species of parasitic marine isopod (genus Hemioniscus). In 1865 he became an honorary doctor of the University of Königsberg for his work in the field of zoology. Then he studied parasitic mites for the museum's collection and discovered several new species of the genus Dermaleichus.

In 1867, Buchholz went to Naples to find new types of parasitic crustaceans. With Leonard, Landua dedicated several works to the anatomy of spiders, including their spinning tools.

In 1869–1870, he participated in the second German expedition to the North Pole under the direction of K. Koldewey on board the “Hansa” schooner. Their ship was crushed by ice and sank. The expedition members were able to escape on an ice floe, drifting 1,500 kilometers to the south and landing after more than 6 months of drift in Narsac-Kuyalleke in southern Greenland.

In 1872, Buchholz received a position as associate professor of zoology at the University of Greifswald and in June of the same year undertook a trip with A. Reichen to the mountains of Cameroon, Gabon, Fernando Po, Gold Coast and Ogove in western and equatorial Africa, fell ill in Africa malaria. In 1875 he returned to Greifswald.

In 1876 he became a full professor and director of the Zoological Museum in Greifswald, but soon died from pneumonia.

Cape in East Greenland.

Bay on the east coast of the island of Western Spitsbergen, southeast of the Land of Ulaf V. The coordinates are 78° 40'N   21° 00'E.


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