Boule Marcelin Pierre 
(01.01.1861 - 04.07.1942)

French geologist, paleontologist and anthropologist, famous researcher of prehistoric human remains. 
Born in Monsalvi of the province of Cantal in a family of very modest incomes. Already in his youth, thanks to the local pharmacist J.-B. Ram, a lover of geology, Buhl showed an interest in the natural sciences. Ram helped him get a university degree, first in Toulouse, then in Paris and Clermont-Ferrand. In Toulouse, where in 1886 Buhl received degrees in natural sciences and geology, he met Emile-Edouard-Philip Kartalyaka, a famous prehistoric artist, later a specialist in cave art. Kartalyak introduced him to paleoanthropology and prehistory, that is, primitive archeology. 
With a recommendation from Rama Boule arrived in Paris to geologist F. Fouquet, but, having become acquainted with the book of A. Godri “The Chain of the Animal World”, he became interested in paleontology.
 Having defended, nevertheless, his thesis on geology, Buhl completed a university education and in 1887 got a job at the Paris Museum of Natural History, with which all his scientific activities were associated. 
He began as an intern, then in 1892 became an assistant to Godri in the department of paleontology, in 1994 he defended his thesis and was appointed an assistant to the museum. For the organization in 1898 of the paleontological gallery, he was awarded the Order of the Legion of Honor (in 1935 he will become the Commander of the Order). In 1903, he headed the department of paleontology and held this post until his retirement in 1936. 
Being engaged in geology and paleontology, Buhl did not forget about the problems of archeology and the origin of man. He respected Darwin as a genius naturalist, but he was harassed by the atheist anti-clerical rhetoric, inspired by the successes of Darwinism and greatly simplified the concept. He did not like the dogmatic argument of the clerics. Boule believed that science should be aloof from politics and ideology. He really wanted to get involved in the discussion and, pushing the political aspects, push the solution of the problem itself, but restrained respect for his teacher and Chief Godri. It would be necessary to act independently and without regard to the opinion of the elders, otherwise there is no need to meddle. For the time being, Boule restrained himself, and, sometimes making excursions into geology and archeology, was mostly limited to studies of paleontology alone. 
In 1902, when his teacher, Godri, resigned, leaving him the pulpit, Buhl’s hands were untied. He took up human paleontology, that is, paleoanthropology, making it his main profession. In the first third of the twentieth century, Boule was out of competition as the leader of French paleontology and paleoanthropology. He believed that human paleontology is truly “historical science”, capable of recreating successive phases of “creation”. Boule worked in Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. He was the first to show what a Neanderthal looked like - from the bones found in the town of La Chapelle, Boule reconstructed a stocky creature with a heavy lower jaw and a sullen look from under prominent eyebrows. The work on the reconstruction of his appearance brought the scientist worldwide fame, and a book about human remains, published in France in 1921, was translated into many languages ​​of the world. 
Boule also studied volcanoes and, comparing geological and archaeological data, he refined the sequence of events of distant ages.

He died in Monsalvi. 
Glacier and mountain south of Mashigin Bay on the west coast of the northern island of Novaya Zemlya. The glacier named in 1909 V.A. Rusanov.


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