Darboux Jean Gaston

(14.08.1842 - 23.02.1917)


French mathematician.

Born in the city of Nîmes, the region of Languedoc-Roussillon in the south of France.

He studied at the Polytechnic School and the Higher Normal School in Paris. One of his teachers was Michel Chale. In 1873 he received the title of professor at the Sorbonne, assisted Liouville.

Numerous studies of Darboux cover almost all branches of physical and mathematical knowledge, but the main works are devoted to differential geometry and differential equations. In differential geometry, Darboux obtained many important results related to the theory of surfaces and the theory of curvilinear coordinates. Darboux gave a systematic presentation of the results obtained in the multivolume "Lectures on the general theory of surfaces" and in "Lectures on orthogonal systems and curvilinear coordinates". In these works, in addition to his own results, he presented the results of research on the differential geometry of curves and surfaces over 100 years. Geometrical research led Darboux to consider various issues of integrating differential equations.

He received the Grand Prix of the French Academy of Sciences in 1876 and became its member in 1884. He became a foreign member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences in 1895. Received the Sylvester Medal from the Royal Society in 1916.

Darboux was the biographer of Henri Poincaré and co-publisher in the publication of the works of Fourier and Lagrange. One of the first leaders of the Institute of Oceanography in Paris, founded in 1906 by the Prince of Monaco Albert I.

He died in Paris, buried in the cemetery of Montparnasse.

Flowing glacier in the eastern part of Albert I Land, West Svalbard Island. The coordinates are 79° 20'N   11° 30'E.


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