Daurkin Nikolai Ivanovich
Russian explorer of the Arctic, Chukchi by
birth, he received the name Tangitan.
During the suppression of the rebellion of local residents who
did not want to pay taxes, in 1744 his parents died in Anadyr. Ten-year
Tangitan got into the family of the commander of the punitive
expedition Major Pavlutsky, who lived in Yakutsk. After
3 years, Pavlutsky himself died in one of such expeditions. The
boy was baptized and named Nicholas. From
the godfather Ivan Andreevich Borisov, who had the nickname Daurkin
(from Dauria), the boy received a middle name and surname. From
him, he learned Russian literacy, also learned the Yakut language.
In 1760, the Siberian governor, a famous hydrograph and
geographer F.I. Soymonov
granted the request of Daurkin, at that time the serf wife of
Pavlutsky, about his admission to the public service. Daurkin
received his freedom and was sent as a translator under the chief
commander F.Kh. Plenisner
in Anadyr burg. In
subsequent years, he visited many places in Chukotka: in the Cross
at Cape Heart-Stone, in Kolyuchinskaya
and Chaun Bay.
Not limited to the duties of an interpreter, Daurkin
based his travels and made a map and description of the Chukchi
Peninsula, on the basis of which Plenisner published his famous in
those years "News of the Chukchi nose". On
this map across from Cape North is a large island connecting to
In 1769–1771 Daurkin
was part of the expeditions of ensigns of geodesy I.
Lysov and A.
Pushkarev, engaged in the inventory of the Bear
Islands in the East
In 1786-1791 Daurkin
took an active part in the expeditions of I.
provided ships from Kolyma to the sea, equipped expedition ships in
Okhotsk, landed on the North American coast, participated in trips,
the famous luge trek along the coast of Chukotka from the Bering
Strait to Nizhnekolymsk. His
undoubted merit is to ensure the friendly attitude of the militant
local population, which was largely decisive in the success of the
Since 1792, already being seriously ill, Daurkin was forced to
conduct a long unsuccessful lawsuit with the Yakutsk Treasury to
establish his salary. At
the age of 61 for health reasons, he was forced to leave the
A peninsula in
the northern part of the Chukotka Peninsula. Named
in 1975 by a decree of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR.