Daurkin Nikolai Ivanovich 
(1734? -?)


Russian explorer of the Arctic, Chukchi by nationality. At birth, he received the name Tangitan. 
During the suppression of the rebellion of local residents who did not want to pay taxes, in 1744 his parents died in Anadyr. Ten-year Tangitan got into the family of the commander of the punitive expedition Major Pavlutsky, who lived in Yakutsk. After 3 years, Pavlutsky himself died in one of such expeditions. The boy was baptized and named Nicholas. From the godfather Ivan Andreevich Borisov, who had the nickname Daurkin (from Dauria), the boy received a middle name and surname. From him, he learned Russian literacy, also learned the Yakut language. 
In 1760, the Siberian governor, a famous hydrograph and geographer F.I. Soymonov granted the request of Daurkin, at that time the serf wife of Pavlutsky, about his admission to the public service. Daurkin received his freedom and was sent as a translator under the chief commander F.Kh. Plenisner in Anadyr burg. In subsequent years, he visited many places in Chukotka: in the hall. Cross, at Cape Heart-Stone, in Kolyuchinskaya and Chaun Bay.
Not limited to the duties of an interpreter, Daurkin based his travels and made a map and description of the Chukchi Peninsula, on the basis of which Plenisner published his famous in those years "News of the Chukchi nose". On this map across from Cape North is a large island connecting to America. 
In 1769–1771 Daurkin was part of the expeditions of ensigns of geodesy I. Leontyev, I. Lysov and A. Pushkarev, engaged in the inventory of the Bear Islands in the East Siberian Sea. 
In 1786-1791 Daurkin took an active part in the expeditions of I. Billings. He provided ships from Kolyma to the sea, equipped expedition ships in Okhotsk, landed on the North American coast, participated in trips, incl. in the famous luge trek along the coast of Chukotka from the Bering Strait to Nizhnekolymsk. His undoubted merit is to ensure the friendly attitude of the militant local population, which was largely decisive in the success of the campaigns. 
Since 1792, already being seriously ill, Daurkin was forced to conduct a long unsuccessful lawsuit with the Yakutsk Treasury to establish his salary. At the age of 61 for health reasons, he was forced to leave the service. 
A peninsula in the northern part of the Chukotka Peninsula. 
Named in 1975 by a decree of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR.

 

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