Soviet polar pilot.
Born in Ivanovo-Voznesensk in a
He graduated from school, he studied
at the Ivanovo Industrial College.
Since childhood, Galkovsky, like his
brother, became interested in aviation, joined the Society of
Friends of the Air Force, later transformed into Osoaviakhim.
Because of his desire to link his
life with aviation, he left the technical school and entered the
military communications school, after which he served in one of the
hydroaviation units in Sevastopol, then from 1928 continued to serve
in the Moscow Air Force Research Institute.
Galkovsky quickly entered the cohort
of the best aviation radio operators of the Soviet Union, flew the
flagship radio operator at the festive air parade, in 1934 took part
in a flight on the route
Moscow-Kiev-Vienna-Paris-Lyon-Strasbourg-Prague-Moscow on the
four-engined plane TB-3.
The 1930s were a period of rapid
development of Soviet aviation, implemented for the first time
expressed by S.А.
idea transarctic flights.
It so happened that the author was
ahead of the ideas of V.P.
Chkalov and M.M.
Gromov, who made flights to America
via the North Pole.
Galkovsky (right) with
(photo from the Lvov
Ivanovna and Yakov Semenovich and sisters Nina (left)
(photo from the Lvov
Flight Levanevskiy began August 12,
He had to open a commercial highway
across the pole.
The crew of the aircraft N-209
designed by V.F.
Bolkhovitinov entered the second
Planned radio operator L.L.
Kerber could not go on the flight
and was replaced by Galkovsky, whose highest professional qualities
were well known.
We took off in the evening from the
airfield near Moscow, and all subsequent information about the
flight is known exclusively from Galkovsky radiograms.
On August 13, at 13 hours and 40
minutes, he transmitted: “We fly around the pole.
It was given to us difficult.
Beginning in the middle of the
Barents Sea, all the time, heavy clouds.
The altitude is 6000 meters, the
temperature overboard is minus 35. A strong wind.
Everything is good…".
But after an hour the message about
the failure of the last engine due to damage to the oil pipe.
In practice, this was the last
message containing information about the flight.
The search for the
Levanevskiy's plane lasted nine months.
24 Soviet and 7 foreign aircraft
surveyed 58 thousand square kilometers, but no reliable traces could
Cape on the island of Becker
Archipelago Franz-Josef Land.
Named by cartographers no later than
(photo by N.M.