Hamilton Richard Wessey
admiral, arctic explorer.
Born in the family of a priest in Kent.
He was educated at the Royal Naval School, which was then located
in Kamberwell, began serving in 1843. On
board the Virago, he served on the Mediterranean Sea for two years. Then,
during the year, he studied the theory and practice of maritime
service at Valetta under the command of Captain Brock.
In 1850–1851 Hamilton
participated in the G.
expedition to search for J.
Franklin ships. He
was assigned to the ship "Assistance" under the command of Captain E.
his comrades were F.
McClintock and J.
Swords who later became famous Arctic explorers. Hamilton
proved himself a responsible young officer, a brilliant seaman, an
executive and active, with a good store of knowledge. He
was distinguished by his reliability as a watch officer during a
difficult struggle against ice, quickly made the right decisions,
and was always among the first in the most difficult jobs. His
sociability and interpersonal skills turned out to be very valuable
qualities during wintering. Hamilton
made a 28-day toboggan trip to lay the food depot, examined the
islands of Lowther and Young.
Having received the rank of lieutenant, in 1852-1854. He
traveled to the Arctic with an expedition of E.
Belcher, consisting of five ships, in which he served on the
ship “Resolute (Resolute)”. As
you know, the Belcher expedition was divided. Two
ships - “Resolute” and “Fearless (Intrepid)” under the command of G.
Kellett were wintering
on the south coast of Melville Island. During
the wintering period, Hamilton led the toboggan run, which for 44
days surveyed 663 miles of arctic coasts. They
discovered the northern end of the island
of Melville, which was called the
Sabin Peninsula, and two small islands that received the names
Markham and Wessey
During the second wintering period, Hamilton organized a
telegraph link between the courts. In
early March, it became necessary to contact the rest of the
expedition vessels wintering near Beachy
accompanied by two people with nine dogs, set off and, doing 25
miles a day, returned with messages. In
June, he made a second trip to Beachy Island.
Church and graveyard of John the Baptist
During the war with Russia, Hamilton served on the steamer
Desperate in the Baltic Sea from January 1855 to February 1856. Later,
as commander of the ship, Hamilton participated in the fighting with
China, served on many ships, in 1875 was awarded the Order
of the Bath, in 1889-1891. was
the senior lord of the Admiralty, on the occasion of the celebration
of the 50th anniversary of the service received nobility. He
retired with the rank of admiral and took over as president of the
Royal Naval College in Greenwich, who held to the end of his days.
He died in London at his home. He
was buried in the graveyard
of John the Baptist (St
John the Baptist Churchyard) Eltem Greater
An island in
the Barrow Strait in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
Islet (Wizi-Hamilton) in
the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Opened
and named in 1853 during R. Hamilton's toboggan trip.
in the north-east of Banks Island in the Canadian Arctic
the southwest of the island of Victoria in the Canadian Arctic
the Kennedy Straits of Greenland.
the west coast of the Prince of Wales Island in the Canadian Arctic
the islands of Nansen and Pritchett in the archipelago of Franz
Josef Land. Named
in 1896, F.
Hamilton Strait. Far
off to the right is Cape Rom Island Bromwich.
In the foreground - the island of Pritchett, on the
left - the island of Nansen
(photo by N. M. Stolbov)