Gastello Nikolay Frantsevich
military pilot, Hero
of the Soviet Union.
Born in Moscow in a working class family. He
worked as a mechanic at the Murom Locomotive-Building Plant and the
State Mechanical Plant for Construction Machines. In
the years 1930-1932 lived
in the village of Khlebnikovo (now in the city of Dolgoprudny,
In May 1932, a special recruitment of Gastello was drafted into
the ranks of the Red Army. In
1933, he graduated from the Lugansk Military Aviation Pilot School
and during 1934–1939. served
in the bomber aviation brigade in Rostov-on-Don.
The first battle check was held at Khalkhin-Gol as
part of the 150th high-speed bomber aviation regiment, then
participated in the Finnish war of 1939–1940.
In May 1941, he was appointed commander of the 4th Squadron of
the 207th Long-Range Aviation Regiment, in which he joined the
battle from the first hour of World War II. He
made his first sortie on June 22, 1941 at 5.00 o'clock.
Moscow, 2nd Sokolnicheskaya st., 3
Petersburg, ul.Gastello, 10
On June 26, 1941, in the second half of the day, Gastello flew at
the head of DB-3F to attack the German troops in the Molodechno –
Radoshkovichi area, advancing on Minsk. Fighter
cover was not. The
pilots found a German tank column, moving on the highway. Having
dropped to 400 meters, they dropped bombs on enemy tanks and cars. After
exiting the attack, Gastello ordered his knowledgeable lieutenants
Vorobiev and Rybas to return to the airfield, and he headed for
another road, a country road.On it, too, was a column. Having
descended to an extremely small height, he walked along it. The
arrows Kalinin and Skorobogaty, firing machine guns, knocked out 12
cars (including passenger and staff buses), but caught fire from the
anti-aircraft gun DB-3F. Gastello
turned into his territory. The
fire flared up more and more, it was not possible to knock down the
that they could not reach their end, Gastello sent a burning plane
to a German military unit stationed in the village of Mocky.
He turned the car over the forest, but did not reach the village -
the plane fell at the edge of the forest.
the north-west of the island Bolshevik archipelago Severnaya Zemlya. Named
by Arctic geologists in the 1950s.