Gaudis Alexander Ivanovich
Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute.
Born in Ufa, his father did not know. He
received the surname and patronymic from his stepfather, who adopted
1929, he lived in Poltava, and then moved to his aunt's upbringing
in Leningrad, with which his whole subsequent life was connected.
In 1935, Gaudis graduated from an 8-month course of hydrograph
technicians, and in the same year after the Arctic expedition, he
entered the Hydrographic Institute of the
Main Directorate of the Northern Sea Route and after graduating
in 1940, he graduated as an engineer-hydrograph. Without
a break from studying at the institute in 1938-1939. He
was trained in the school of pilots at the Leningrad Aero Club.
In 1940, Gaudis was called to the Navy on the Baltic Fleet
Hydrographic Expedition, first as a producer and then as a senior
producer of aerial photography. With
his participation, a ground-based stereo-photogrammetric method for
detecting enemy batteries by firing flashes was developed.
In August 1942, during the preparation of the Sinyavino
operation, the staff of the photogrammetric detachment Gaudis and
showing courage and ingenuity, created a photo panorama of the line
of enemy fortifications.
After graduating from the Higher Hydrographic Courses for the
officers in 1943, he was sent as a teacher of aerial photography to
the Higher Naval School named after M.V. Frunze. Simultaneously
with teaching at the school, Frunze Gaudis taught the courses
“Aerial Photography”, “Aerial Photography”, “Stereophotogrammetry”
at the A.N. Krylova,
Higher Arctic Marine School of. S.O.
Leningrad State University, organized aerial photography teams in Giprovoenproekt,
Lengiprorechtrans, Lenmorproekt, conducting training on the
practical application of aerial photography techniques in sea and
river surveys. In
the summer, as part of the expeditions of these organizations,
Lieutenant Colonel Gaudis participated in expeditions to the White,
Baltic, Azov Seas, in the construction of the Volga-Don Canal. He
also conducted theoretical and practical photography classes with
employees of the Military Prosecutor’s Office, repeatedly traveling
to the scene of incidents. “All
classes, both theoretical and practical, Comrade. Gaudis
conducted with the operational staff without any payment, but in
order to provide us with the necessary assistance at that time in
investigative work. Help
provided by Comrade. Gaudis
helped many operative workers to master the photo and use it in
their daily investigative work”, - said in the certificate of the
prosecutor of one of the military units.
In 1953, Gaudis demobilized and entered the
Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, in which work
was associated with expeditions to the Arctic. In
the course of one of them, testing new equipment, he tragically died
in the accident of the plane at
In this accident, seven people died immediately, four were
injured, three of them, including Gaudis, died shortly. Here
is the one given in the book by V.E. Borodachev
and V.I. Shilnikov,
of Ice Aviation Intelligence”, the story of the aircraft
commander Yu.M. Kulev:
“We finished reconnaissance and were on the way to Shelagsky metro
station. Another 25 minutes before landing at the Apapelhino
decided to leave the pilot’s cabin for a minute to find out from
Gaudis how the photo equipment worked out in this flight. The
weather is great.
Having received information from Alexander
Ivanovich, I took the first step towards the pilot's cabin. At that moment there was a tremendous force. I flew into
the cockpit, and then the second blow of the same force turned off
my mind. I came to when Ivan began to pull me out of the cabin and
then out of the plane. And now let Ivan continue the story”.
After the second strike, Ivan began, I lost consciousness for a
when I came to myself, I realized that we were “nagging” at Cape
co-pilot decided not to bypass Cape Shelagsky, but to go over it
directly to the
airport Apapelhino. When
approaching Cape Shelagsky with a stock wind, the plane that was
flying on autopilot was thrown down.
The co-pilot, who controlled the aircraft, turned off the autopilot
with a delay and nevertheless managed to lift the nose upwards, but
failed to cross the Cape Shelagsky. The
plane Li-2 hit the very top of the cape. The
blow was not a frontal one. The
plane threw up, but in the path of the plane was a huge boulder into
which the plane crashed”. Then
Ivan pulled the living and the dead from the plane. He
was called by a seriously wounded navigator:
- It is necessary to urgently drag the living away from the
plane, tanks will soon begin to tear.
“I'll start with you”.
The navigator categorically objected:
“First, remove the commander and other survivors from the plane,
and I am useless”.
Sasha Gaudis sat up, sat down. The
hand is held by the side, and blood is shed between the fingers. I
"Alexander Ivanovich, I will now drag you away from the plane".
He shook his head. He
said nothing, only pointed to the commander and lay on his back. Having
towed Kulev and then the heavy captain-mentor Bondarenko over the
boulder, I returned to Alexander Ivanovich and Viktor. Already,
none of them showed signs of life".
He was buried in St. Petersburg at the Bolsheokhtinsky
Kane Island in the archipelago of Franz-Josef Land. The
name was approved by the Arkhangelsk Regional Executive Committee in
1963 (Decision No. 651).