Gerasimov Alexander Pavlovich
Outstanding Russian geologist.
Born in Irkutsk, where in 1883 he graduated from the classical
gymnasium with a gold medal.
In the same year he entered the St. Petersburg Mining Institute.
Already on the senior courses of the Institute Gerasimov under
the leadership of such luminaries as
and L.I. Lutugin, took part in the just beginning geological survey
of Donbass, having passed an excellent school of practical field
His two student reports were awarded and published in the Mining
Upon graduation from the institute, Gerasimov was seconded to the
Siberian mountain parties, engaged in geological and mining surveys
along the route of the Siberian railway under construction.
He is led by V.A.
led the route survey of the Lena gold-bearing taiga.
His reports on these works for many years did not lose their
In 1906, Gerasimov received a task from the Geological Committee
to develop a plan of geological surveys in the area of the
Caucasian Mineral Waters.
This task largely determined the direction of all his subsequent
For several years he rallied around himself a small but very
effective team, thus laying the foundations of the school of
The works were carried out on a wide range of geological
problems: stratigraphy, tectonics, magmatism, much attention was
paid to petrography, volcanism.
Gerasimov comprehensively studied seismic phenomena in the
Caucasus, followed the manifestation of tectonic movements.
They discovered a number of mineral deposits, including the
Malkinskoe iron-chromium-nickel ore deposit.
Working as part of the Commission for the Study of Natural
Productive Forces, Gerasimov compiled reports on various minerals,
accompanied by a critical review of the theories of the formation of
Having dedicated many years of detailed geological surveys,
Gerasimov created magnificent samples of geological maps on which
many generations of geologists studied.
He can rightly be called the founder of Soviet geological
It was he who in 1939 compiled the first instruction for detailed
shooting, wrote the main section of the instruction “General
Ahead of his time, Gerasimov advocated the introduction of aerial
photography and geophysical observations into the complex of
In 1931, at the initiative of Gerasimov at TsNIGRI, an office of
survey maps was created.
In a relatively short period, the Geological Map of the European
part of the USSR, the geological map of Kazakhstan, the Central
Asian republics, the Urals, and the layout of the geological map of
the USSR were created and partially published.
Only the war prevented the compilation in those years of a
geological map of the Soviet Union at a scale of 1: 1,000,000, whose
editor-in-chief was Gerasimov.
Makarova Embankment (formerly Tuchkov), house 10.
Gerasimov lived here in apartment 4 at the time of 1934
In addition to scientific work, social and educational activities
occupied a large place in Gerasimov’s life.
For more than a quarter of a century, he was the scientific
secretary of the Russian Mineralogical Society, and since 1937 its
chairman and editor of Zapisok.
He devoted many years to work in the East-Siberian branch of the
Geographical Society, headed the Physical Geography Division of the
society in Leningrad, and lectured on volcanism and various problems
of geology at Leningrad State University, Geographical and Mining
Gerasimov was a well-educated man, spoke several foreign
languages, loved and understood music, theater, knew literature and
He assembled a huge library of over 5,000 titles.
Friends and acquaintances often gathered in his house, among whom
were the Shostakovich spouses with her, who had become a famous
The war found Gerasimov in Yessentuki.
Under difficult conditions, he was evacuated to Tashkent, from
there to Novosibirsk, and then to Sverdlovsk.
He did not want to go to the far rear, to his native Irkutsk,
hoping to return to Leningrad soon.
However, his plans did not come true.
Gerasimov died in Sverdlovsk.
and river in the southwestern part
of the island Bolshevik of the archipelago Severnaya Zemlya.
The hydrographic expedition of the Arctic Ocean discovered
and named in 1914.