Gernet Evgeniy Sergeevich
(31.10(12.11).1882–08.08.1943)


Russian military sailor, hydrograph, glaciologist, Arctic explorer.
Born in St. Petersburg, in the family of a naval sailor. In 1902, Garnett graduated from the Naval Cadet Corps and, with the rank of midshipman, he was appointed watch supervisor for the battleship Victory of the Pacific Squadron.
Brilliantly proved himself a young sailor in the battles of the Russian-Japanese war. He served in Port Arthur as a navigator officer on the gunboat "Brave" and the destroyer "Lieutenant Burakov." For repeated breakthroughs of the naval blockade of Port Arthur, Gerneta was promoted to lieutenant and awarded the Order of St. Stanislaus 3 degrees with swords and bow, St. Vladimir 4 degrees with swords and bow, St. Anna 4 degrees with the inscription "For Bravery" and St. Anna 3 degrees.
Immediately after the end of the war, Gernet continued his service on the battleship "Tsarevich" from July 1, 1906 to May 24, 1907.

In November 1908, he was transferred from the Baltic to the Siberian naval crew, where he continued to serve first as a navigator officer on the Shilka transport in Vladivostok, and then as commander of the destroyer Exact.

On May 13, 1914, Garnett retired, but with the beginning of the First World War he returned to service, entering the Black Sea Fleet Transport Fleet. During the capture of Trapezund, he received another severe wound, but after recovering before the revolution he returned to service, taking command of the newest destroyer Kaliakria. For his military service, he was awarded the Order of St. Stanislav 2 degrees with swords and promoted to captain 2 rank.
Gernet took an active part on the side of the Reds in the civil war. He established Soviet power in the Crimea, took the ships away from the Germans to Novorossiysk, and, on Lenin’s well-known order, flooded his destroyer in the Tsemessky bay of Novorossiysk. With the last echelon of sailors, Gernet broke through to Tsaritsyn, where he headed only the Volga flotilla that was created. And then he was entrusted to the most responsible military posts. He was an assistant to the chief of the tactical department of the Maritime General Staff, head of the Baltic Fleet sentry division, commander of a detachment of ships transferred from the Baltic to the Caspian Sea, commander of the West Dvina and Azov flotillas. After the end of the civil war, Gernet served as commander of the ports of the Black and Azov Seas, commander of the Novorossiysk and Georgian fortifications, and the Southern Black Sea coastal defense sector.
In 1922, the 40-year-old Gernet retired and was hired by the captain of the Indigirka ship in the Far Eastern Branch of Sovtorgflot. In subsequent years, he worked as an assistant VK. Blucher on naval issues, the representative of the USSR in Japan on the freight of ships. During this period, Gernet’s brilliant scientific abilities were revealed. He developed a hypothesis of the interaction of land and sea, the continental and sea ice, the glaciation of the Earth. In 1930, Tokyo, it was published on its own funds, the book “Ice Shears”, in which a new glacial theory was available, which was a quarter of a century ahead of the theory of American scientists M. Jung and V. Donn.
Gernet returned to his homeland in 1931, during the period when active exploration of the Polar region began. He joined in this process, knowing full well the importance for the country to develop the Arctic. Gernet took up the development of a new cartographic projection, since the existing mercury projection for high latitudes was of little use. The results of his two-year work Gernet published in "Notes on Hydrography" №5. The mathematical basis proposed by him for the high-latitude regions of the Arctic Ocean, as the most convenient for navigation due to minimal distortion, was used during the landing of the expedition I.D. Papanin to the North Pole, with the first transarctic flights, it is used now.
As an employee of GUSMP, Gernet participated in most of the expeditions to the Arctic. In 1935 he was invited to lecture on nautical astronomy at the newly opened Hydrographic Institute in Leningrad.
The future seemed fascinating, beautiful, cloudless. Everything collapsed on the night of May 1, 1938 - he was arrested among many senior officials of the GUSMP (the Jesuit practice of arrest on the eve of the holiday). The hero of the Russian-Japanese war, a participant in the world and civil wars, who shed blood for his homeland, who fought on the side of Soviet power, a scientist who worked for the good of the homeland, without flinching, was declared an enemy of the people and was not shot by sheer chance. Beria, who replaced the executioner Ezhov, the executioner Beria, wishing to show that with his arrival, lawlessness would cease, he replaced the shooting with a link to Kazakhstan. Gernet worked in Chernoretsk, Pavlodar, collective farm "Spartak". An outstanding researcher, the potential of which has not yet been fully revealed, was a collective farm accountant. So the Soviet government squandered the national wealth.
In 1958, Gernet was rehabilitated.
Strait between the islands of the Izvestia of the CEC and the Arctic Institute. Named in 1998 by the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 383.

 

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