Gilder William Henry
(16.08.1838 - 02.02.1900)
American journalist, writer, arctic explorer.
Born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the family of a priest.
During the Civil War, he served in the 5th New York Infantry Regiment (Zouawa), then in the 40th New York Regiment and at the headquarters of General Thomas W. Egan. He was wounded at the Battle of Gettysburg, demobilized as a major.
During the 1871-1877 biennium. Gilder was the editor-in-chief of the Newark newspaper, a correspondent for the New York Herald, in 1878–80. As a first assistant, he took part in the expedition of F. Shvatka to King William Island in the Canadian Arctic archipelago in order to search for traces of the tragic death of the expedition of J. Franklin. The Shvatka group made the longest sleigh trip at that time - 3251 miles. She owes much of her happy return to Guilder.
In 1881 Gilder participated in an expedition on the ship "Rogers" under the command of Captain R. Berry, aimed at finding the expedition of J. De Long. After the ship was destroyed by a fire on the west bank of the Bering Strait, Gilder made an almost 2,000-mile luge trip through Siberia to telegraph the catastrophe. He later took part in the search for De Long in the Lena Delta.
In 1883 he was a war correspondent during the Franco-Vietnamese conflicts, and in 1884 he visited the area of the earthquake in Spain.
In 1886, Gilder published the book “In Ice and Snow. Journey to Siberia to search for the expedition of Captain De Long".
Died in New Jersey, buried in Bordentown Cemetery.
Cape in the west of the Strange Wrangel. Named in 1881, Lieutenant Berry. In "Toponymy of the Seas of the Soviet Arctic" it is noted that since 1949 this cape is shown as "Western". There are different interpretations on maps of various scales in the position of this cape.
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