Glushkov Victor Grigorievich
(10(22).03.1883–23.05.1937)


An outstanding Russian scientist, hydraulic engineer, hydrologist, teacher.
Born in the city of Verny (now Alma-Ata) in the family of an artist, a drawing teacher at a local gymnasium.
In 1901, Glushkov graduated with a gold medal from a classical gymnasium, having shown special abilities in physical and mathematical sciences, and entered the St. Petersburg Institute of Railway Engineers. The gifted student was transferred to the second year without exams, but it was not easy, because he had to combine his studies with work, providing himself and his early family.
Due to his brilliant scientific ability, Glushkov, after graduating from the institute in 1907, was left at the institute for further improvement in the hydraulic engineering specialty. At state expense, he was sent on a one-year business trip across Russia and abroad: to Germany, France and Italy. The result of his trip was the work of the overgrowing and siltation of the reservoirs of Western Europe.
For subsequent work on the silting of the Murgab reservoir, Glushkov received a silver medal of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society.
An important stage in his life was the three-year administration of the Hydrometric part of the Turkestan Territory. Glushkov managed to implement a number of organizational measures that initiated the study of the hydrology of Central Asia. In 32 scientific papers published by him during this period, a wide range of problems of scientific and applied importance are highlighted. These works of his became desktop for specialists of that time.
As a high appreciation of Glushkov’s activity in Central Asia, he should be regarded as instructed to organize the Hydrometric part of European Russia. Glushkov settled in Petrograd and led the organization he created during the entire period of its existence until 1920. In this post, Glushkov's scientific and organizational talent was once again manifested.
In the early years of Soviet power, Glushkov continued to lead the Hydrometric part, worked in the Academy of Sciences, was the editor-in-chief of the “White Coal” volume of a series of works of the Commission for the Study of Natural Productive Forces of Russia.
In 1918–1920 He was in charge of the Water and Energy Bureau of the Electrification Preparation Department of the Northern Region of Russia, which was later reorganized into the Petrograd branch of GOELRO. In subsequent years, Glushkov participated in the design of many hydroelectric power plants, as envisaged by the GOELRO plan. His role in the organization of the United Hydrometeorological Service of the USSR is great.
A tireless worker, Glushkov worked in a number of scientific and technical commissions, participated in the design of water management activities. Here and the construction of the Volga-Don canal, the construction of hydraulic structures in the basins of the Kura and Araks, drainage of the Colchian lowland and a number of others. Glushkov was not an office worker and annually for a few months left Leningrad for the projected objects.
Another equally important and fruitful side of Glushkov's activity was pedagogical work. He began studying it in 1912, when he was elected adjunct professor at the Novo-Alexandria Agricultural Institute. And after the revolution, Glushkov lectured in many of the largest educational institutions in the country.
Combining the talent of an engineer and a teacher, Glushkov, nevertheless, was primarily a scientist, academic theorist and academic organizer.  His most important merit was the organization of the Russian Hydrological Institute. For 17 years he was his permanent supervisor.
The main scientific heritage of Glushkov consists of 158 published works and 10 incomplete manuscripts devoted to theoretical and practical issues of hydrology, hydraulics, hydropower, mathematics. Due to the heavy workload, he could not always literary arrange his works. He covered many problems in lectures and reports; he assigned his students to the preparation of certain articles.
Glushkov devotedly served science and made a major contribution to its development, for which he was awarded the title of Honored Scientist and Technician of the RSFSR. In 1932 he was elected a corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, and in 1935 - an academician of the Academy of Agricultural Sciences. He was a cheerful, friendly, sociable person, generously sharing his knowledge and ideas with colleagues and students.
Vigorous activity Glushkov was forcibly interrupted in the prime of his creative powers. He was arrested on December 25, 1936 in Pyatigorsk (according to other sources on December 26, 1936 in Kislovodsk), and then transported for investigation to Leningrad. The exit session of the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR on May 22, 1937 sentenced him under Art. 58-7-8-11 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR to the supreme punishment. The next day he was shot. According to the then existing practice, in order to conceal the fact of the shooting and to show that a person died his own death, the family was named the later date of death. Until now, reference books appear July 23, 1939. The truth was established thanks to the investigation of Glushkov’s granddaughter, Natalya Vladimirovna Kunina.

Bay in the northern part of Rusanov Bay on the Kara coast of the northern island of Novaya Zemlya. She called in 1925 an expedition of the Institute for the Study of the North under the leadership of R.L. Samoylovich.

 

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