Glushkov Victor Grigorievich
An outstanding Russian scientist, hydraulic engineer,
Born in the city of Verny (now Alma-Ata) in the family of an
artist, a drawing teacher at a local gymnasium.
In 1901, Glushkov graduated with a gold medal from a classical
gymnasium, having shown special abilities in physical and
mathematical sciences, and entered the St. Petersburg Institute of
The gifted student was transferred to the second year without
exams, but it was not easy, because he had to combine his studies
with work, providing himself and his early family.
Due to his brilliant scientific ability, Glushkov, after
graduating from the institute in 1907, was left at the institute for
further improvement in the hydraulic engineering specialty.
At state expense, he was sent on a one-year business trip across
Russia and abroad: to Germany, France and Italy.
The result of his trip was the work of the overgrowing and
siltation of the reservoirs of Western Europe.
For subsequent work on the silting of the Murgab reservoir,
Glushkov received a silver medal of the Imperial Russian
An important stage in his life was the three-year administration
of the Hydrometric part of the Turkestan Territory.
Glushkov managed to implement a number of organizational measures
that initiated the study of the hydrology of Central Asia.
In 32 scientific papers published by him during this period, a
wide range of problems of scientific and applied importance are
These works of his became desktop for specialists of that time.
As a high appreciation of Glushkov’s activity in Central Asia, he
should be regarded as instructed to organize the Hydrometric part of
Glushkov settled in Petrograd and led the organization he created
during the entire period of its existence until 1920.
In this post, Glushkov's scientific and organizational talent was
once again manifested.
In the early years of Soviet power, Glushkov continued to lead
the Hydrometric part, worked in the Academy of Sciences, was the
editor-in-chief of the “White Coal” volume of a series of works of
the Commission for the Study of Natural Productive Forces of Russia.
He was in charge of the Water and Energy Bureau of the
Electrification Preparation Department of the Northern Region of
Russia, which was later reorganized into the Petrograd branch of State
Commission for Electrification of Russia.
In subsequent years, Glushkov participated in the design of many
hydroelectric power plants, as envisaged by the GOELRO plan.
His role in the organization of the United Hydrometeorological
Service of the USSR is great.
A tireless worker, Glushkov worked in a number of scientific and
technical commissions, participated in the design of water
Here and the construction of the Volga-Don canal, the
construction of hydraulic structures in the basins of the Kura and
Araks, drainage of the Colchian lowland and a number of others.
Glushkov was not an office worker and annually for a few months
left Leningrad for the projected objects.
Another equally important and fruitful side of Glushkov's
activity was pedagogical work.
He began studying it in 1912, when he was elected adjunct
professor at the Novo-Alexandria Agricultural Institute.
And after the revolution, Glushkov lectured in many of the
largest educational institutions in the country.
Combining the talent of an engineer and a teacher, Glushkov,
nevertheless, was primarily a scientist, academic theorist and
His most important merit was the organization of the Russian
For 17 years he was his permanent supervisor.
The main scientific heritage of Glushkov consists of 158
published works and 10 incomplete manuscripts devoted to theoretical
and practical issues of hydrology, hydraulics, hydropower,
Due to the heavy workload, he could not always literary arrange
He covered many problems in lectures and reports; he assigned his
students to the preparation of certain articles.
Glushkov devotedly served science and made a major contribution
to its development, for which he was awarded the title of Honored
Scientist and Technician of the RSFSR.
In 1932 he was elected a corresponding member of the USSR Academy
of Sciences, and in 1935 - an academician of the Academy of
He was a cheerful, friendly, sociable person, generously sharing
his knowledge and ideas with colleagues and students.
Vigorous activity Glushkov was forcibly interrupted in the prime
of his creative powers.
He was arrested on December 25, 1936 in Pyatigorsk
(according to other sources on December 26, 1936 in Kislovodsk), and
then transported for investigation to Leningrad.
The exit session of the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court
of the USSR on May 22, 1937 sentenced him under
58-7-8-11 of the Criminal Code of
the RSFSR to the supreme punishment.
The next day he was shot.
According to the then existing practice, in order to conceal the
fact of the shooting and to show that a person died his own death,
the family was named the later date of death.
Until now, reference books appear July 23, 1939.
The truth was established thanks to the investigation of
Glushkov’s granddaughter, Natalya Vladimirovna Kunina.
Bay in the northern part of Rusanov
Bay on the Kara coast of the northern island of Novaya Zemlya.
She called in 1925 an expedition of the Institute for the Study
of the North under the leadership of