Prominent Russian surveyor
and cartographer, translator, historian, literary critic.
Born in St. Petersburg in
the family of the director of the Naval Cadet Corps I. L.
Got a home education.
Being recorded as a child
in military service, in 1783 he was promoted to captain of the
Ostrogozhsky Light Regiment, and since 1785, at the request of his
father, was listed as a volunteer in the squadron of Vice-Admiral A.
I. Cruz, as “by special hunting and aptitude acquired deliberate
successes in mathematics, he also taught the content part in
navigation, and therefore intends to devote himself to the maritime
Golenishcheva-Kutuzov was assigned to the Naval Cadet Corps.
He participated in the
battles of Gogland, Friedrichsgam and Rochensalm, was awarded the
St. George 4 degrees.
In 1790, he was promoted to
lieutenant colonel for distinguishing himself in the battle of
Vyborg, and in 1793 he was transferred back to the Naval Cadet Corps
with the rank of senior major;
since 1793 - Captain 1
Taking advantage of the
location of Emperor Paul I, as well as his father, in 1796
Golenishchev-Kutuzov was promoted to colonel and, by appointment,
assistant of his father, President of the Admiralty Board, he
actually assumed the leadership of the Naval Cadet Corps.
Golenishchev-Kutuzov led the expedition to describe the White Sea,
and in 1801, having received the rank of lieutenant general, he was
appointed general treasurer and member of the Admiralty Colleges.
Since 1804, he was
entrusted with the management of the Treasury Expedition of the
Golenishtchev-Kutuzov completed the compilation of the Atlas of the
White Sea, and in 1807, the Atlas of the Caspian Sea;
for a long time both works
were “revered as the best” and constituted a new stage in the
development of Russian maritime cartography.
His first translation,
Floriana's The Good Father
Golenishchev-Kutuzov dedicated to his father;
in accordance with his
advice in the 1790–1810s he translated many books on maritime
He translated the
"Description of Mount Vesuvius eruption" from English, he also owns
translations of a number of detailed descriptions of the largest
geographical discoveries of the XVIII century: "Journey to and
around the southern half of the globe, made in 1772, 1773, 1774 and
1775 by English royal courts Resolution and Adventure under the
command of Captain James Cook","Captain Mirs journey to the
northwestern shores of America in the continuation of 1786, 1787,
1788 and 1789", "Journey of Laperouse in the South and North Pacific
in continuation of 1785, 17
86, 1787 and 1788”and
“Journey to the North Pacific Ocean under the command of Captains
Cook, Clerk and Gore during 1776, 1777, 1778, 1779 and 1780”.
appreciated J. Cook for his humane attitude to "wild peoples".
Being from 1827 until the
end of his life as Chairman of the Scientific Committee under the
Maritime Ministry, Golenishchev-Kutuzov devoted a lot of time to
systematizing materials on the history of the Russian fleet,
appeared in the press with some critical remarks on the works of
other authors on this topic.
Pushkin and other famous
people of the time.
He was a member of the
Russian Academy of Sciences, an honorary member of the Free Society
of Lovers of Literature, Sciences and Arts.
Having witnessed four
reigns, Golenishchev-Kutuzov meticulously kept diaries in French,
preserved for 1806–1820, 1823–1828, 1831–1843.
and containing interesting
information on the history of Russian literature of the 1810–1830s.
In the diary there are many
references to A.S.
Pushkin, with whom he often
met in Petersburg literary circles, at meetings of the Academy of
Sciences and with his second cousin EM.
Sly, passionate admirer of
approved the “Feast of Peter the Great”, but the poem “Commander”
caused his extreme indignation because of the derogation, as it
seemed to him, of the achievements of M.I.
Pushkin in Sovremennik, in
his Explanations, refuted this accusation.
Despite the tiff,
Golenishchev-Kutuzov always treated Pushkin with great involvement
and sincerely grieved for his death.
The reason for the sudden
death of Golenishchev-Kutuzov, which followed in St. Petersburg, may
have been the news he received about the workmanship and insanity of
Cape (Kutuzov) in the Kara Sea on
the coast of the southern island of the archipelago of Novaya
Described and mapped in
1833 by the expedition of