Golenishchev-Kutuzov Loggin Ivanovich
(13(24).01.1769–22.03(03.04).1846)


Prominent Russian surveyor and cartographer, translator, historian, literary critic.
Born in St. Petersburg in the family of the director of the Naval Cadet Corps I. L. Golenishchev-Kutuzov. Got a home education. Being recorded as a child in military service, in 1783 he was promoted to captain of the Ostrogozhsky Light Regiment, and since 1785, at the request of his father, was listed as a volunteer in the squadron of Vice-Admiral A. I. Cruz, as “by special hunting and aptitude acquired deliberate successes in mathematics, he also taught the content part in navigation, and therefore intends to devote himself to the maritime service”.  
In 1788 Golenishcheva-Kutuzov was assigned to the Naval Cadet Corps. He participated in the battles of Gogland, Friedrichsgam and Rochensalm, was awarded the Order of St. George 4 degrees. In 1790, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel for distinguishing himself in the battle of Vyborg, and in 1793 he was transferred back to the Naval Cadet Corps with the rank of senior major; since 1793 - Captain 1 rank.
Taking advantage of the location of Emperor Paul I, as well as his father, in 1796 Golenishchev-Kutuzov was promoted to colonel and, by appointment, assistant of his father, President of the Admiralty Board, he actually assumed the leadership of the Naval Cadet Corps.
In 1797 Golenishchev-Kutuzov led the expedition to describe the White Sea, and in 1801, having received the rank of lieutenant general, he was appointed general treasurer and member of the Admiralty Colleges. Since 1804, he was entrusted with the management of the Treasury Expedition of the Admiralty Colleges.
In 1805, Golenishtchev-Kutuzov completed the compilation of the Atlas of the White Sea, and in 1807, the Atlas of the Caspian Sea; for a long time both works were “revered as the best” and constituted a new stage in the development of Russian maritime cartography.
His first translation, comedy J.-P. Floriana's The Good Father Golenishchev-Kutuzov dedicated to his father; in accordance with his advice in the 1790–1810s he translated many books on maritime matters. He translated the "Description of Mount Vesuvius eruption" from English, he also owns translations of a number of detailed descriptions of the largest geographical discoveries of the XVIII century: "Journey to and around the southern half of the globe, made in 1772, 1773, 1774 and 1775 by English royal courts Resolution and Adventure under the command of Captain James Cook","Captain Mirs journey to the northwestern shores of America in the continuation of 1786, 1787, 1788 and 1789", "Journey of Laperouse in the South and North Pacific in continuation of 1785, 17 86, 1787 and 1788”and “Journey to the North Pacific Ocean under the command of Captains Cook, Clerk and Gore during 1776, 1777, 1778, 1779 and 1780”. Golenishchev-Kutuzov highly appreciated J. Cook for his humane attitude to "wild peoples".
Being from 1827 until the end of his life as Chairman of the Scientific Committee under the Maritime Ministry, Golenishchev-Kutuzov devoted a lot of time to systematizing materials on the history of the Russian fleet, appeared in the press with some critical remarks on the works of other authors on this topic.
Golenishchev-Kutuzov and G.R. Derzhavin, D.I. Khvostov, M.I. Golenishchev-Kutuzov, PI Bagration, V.L. Pushkin and other famous people of the time. He was a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, an honorary member of the Free Society of Lovers of Literature, Sciences and Arts.
Having witnessed four reigns, Golenishchev-Kutuzov meticulously kept diaries in French, preserved for 1806–1820, 1823–1828, 1831–1843. and containing interesting information on the history of Russian literature of the 1810–1830s. In the diary there are many references to A.S. Pushkin, with whom he often met in Petersburg literary circles, at meetings of the Academy of Sciences and with his second cousin EM. Sly, passionate admirer of the poet. Golenishchev-Kutuzov approved the “Feast of Peter the Great”, but the poem “Commander” caused his extreme indignation because of the derogation, as it seemed to him, of the achievements of M.I. Golenishcheva-Kutuzov. Pushkin in Sovremennik, in his Explanations, refuted this accusation. Despite the tiff, Golenishchev-Kutuzov always treated Pushkin with great involvement and sincerely grieved for his death.
The reason for the sudden death of Golenishchev-Kutuzov, which followed in St. Petersburg, may have been the news he received about the workmanship and insanity of his son.
Cape (Kutuzov) in the Kara Sea on the coast of the southern island of the archipelago of Novaya Zemlya. Described and mapped in 1833 by the expedition of P.K. Pakhtusov .

 

 

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