Golitsyn Grigory Sergeevich

Prince, General of Infantry, Russian statesman.
Born in the village of Garbovo, Lublin County. He received his education in the Corps of Pages, from where he was issued on June 16, 1856 as a cornet in the Life Guards Hussars. In 1858 he entered the Nikolaev Academy of the General Staff, and after graduating in 1860, he was appointed to consist at the main headquarters of the Caucasian Army.
In the 1861 campaign, as part of the Adagum detachment, Major General Babich Golitsyn took part in a number of expeditions against the Highlanders. In March and May he was in the Abinsk gorge, where he was engaged in restoring the roads between the detachment's camp and the Russian fortifications, constantly engaging in numerous exchanges with the mountaineers. Already by 1862, Golitsyn reached the rank of lieutenant colonel and was transferred to the Erivan Life Grenadier Regiment, where he assumed the post of commander of the collective infantry battalion.
In the campaign of 1863–1864. Golitsyn took part in a campaign against the Highlanders in Abkhazia, was promoted to colonel and in 1865 he was appointed commander of the Georgian Grenadier Regiment, commanded for six years, bringing him to exemplary condition.
The next step in Golitsyn's brilliant military career was the appointment in 1871 of the outhouse adjutant to the emperor, leaving him in his post. The following year, he became commander of the Life Guards Finnish Regiment, and a year later he was promoted to major general and appointed to the emperor's retinue.
In subsequent years, Golitsyn served as the military governor and commander of the Urals region and the ataman of the Urals Cossack army, temporarily executed the affairs of the Orenburg governor-general and commander of the Orenburg military district. In 1883 he was promoted to lieutenant general, since 1885 he was a member of the Senate, and on January 1, 1893 he became a member of the State Council.
Since 1896, Golitsyn continued military service. In the rank of General from Infantry, he was appointed Chief of the Civil Part in the Caucasus, Commander of the Caucasian Military District, and Ataman of the Caucasian Cossack Troops. This period of Golitsyn service in the Caucasus is known as the “Golitsyn regime”. Being a convinced monarchist, he launched a struggle against the Armenian national liberation movement. Under Golitsyn, some Armenian non-governmental organizations were closed, the activities of charitable societies were sharply narrowed, censorship against Armenian periodicals was tightened, and some of them were closed, many figures of Armenian culture were persecuted. On the persistent insistence of Golitsyn, the tsarist government adopted a reactionary law on the confiscation of property of the Armenian church, which infringed upon the vital interests of the Armenian people. According to him, the property of the Armenian churches was taken under the control of the government. On October 14, 1903, an attempt on the life of Golitsyn was committed in Armenia, as a result of which he was seriously wounded. After the reform of the State Council in 1906, Golitsyn remained a member, was a member of the right-wing group.
Golitsyn was awarded numerous awards, among them the Russian Order of St. Stanislav of 1 degree, St. Anna of 1, 2 and 3 degrees, St. Vladimir of 1, 2 and 3 degrees, White Eagle, St. Alexander Nevsky; foreign orders Turkish Osmania 3 degrees, Prussian Red Eagle 2 degrees, Austrian Franz Joseph large cross others.
He died in St. Petersburg, buried in the Nikolsky cemetery of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery. The grave is not preserved.
Bay north of the Gulf of Abrosimov on the southeastern coast of the southern island of Novaya Zemlya. Named in 1895 by the Novaya Zemlya expedition F.N. Chernyshev.


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