Grigoriev, Alexander Vasilyevich
geographer, zoologist, botanist, ethnographer, secretary of the
Imperial Russian Geographical Society, Ph.D. in Physics and
Mathematics, St. Petersburg University.
Born in Petersburg. Initial
education received home, another two years before entering the
gymnasium, he stayed abroad and only at the age of 14 entered the
first gymnasium, and then at the natural faculty of St. Petersburg
year after he graduated with the degree of candidate in 1871, he
received an invitation to teach botany at the St. Petersburg
Institute of Technology.
In 1876, Grigoriev, accompanying Professor N.P. Wagner's
expedition to the White Sea, received the most valuable materials
dredging the seabed.He proved the fallacy of the assumption that the
Gulf Stream branch entered the White Sea.
In 1879, the Imperial Russian Geographical Society commanded
Grigoriev to the outfit with A.M. Sibiryakov
on the steam schooner "Nordenskiöld", which was supposed to go
around Asia from the south and come to the aid of N.А.Е. Nordenskiöld,
wintered on the ship "Vega" off the coast of Siberia. Near
the Japanese about. Esso
schooner ran aground. Grigoriev,
taking advantage of a forced stop in Japan, engaged in ethnographic
research on the Ainu. Upon
his return in 1880, he presented his zoological collection as a gift
to the Academy of Sciences, and the ethnographic collection to the
In 1881, Grigoriev was the chief commissioner of the Russian
department of the geographical exhibition in Venice, organized on
the occasion of the Geological Congress. It
is to him that the Russian department of the exhibition owes its
In the course of his active expeditionary work, Grigoriev visited
the Solovetsky Islands in 1886, the following year he participated
in the expedition A.I. Vilkitsky to
Novaya Zemlya, where he gathered wonderful natural-historical
collections, which he transferred to the Museum of the Academy of
In 1889, he was elected a delegate to the Geological Congress in
In 1896, as a statistician, Grigoriev participated in the census
of the population in the northern provinces of Russia. His
task was to coordinate and unite the actions of the census
institutions of the Arkhangelsk and Vologda provinces. To
solve it, he left St. Petersburg for a long time and twice traveled
around these vast desert territories, in many places where there was
neither a post, nor a telegraph, and often roadways. These
trips undermined his health, and after them he was no longer able to
make any travels.
Grigoriev devoted much of his strength and energy to his work at
IRGO, taking up in 1883 the post of secretary of the company, whose
duties he had been performing for 20 years. Over
the years, he has established close relations with foreign
geographic societies and selected prominent geographers, and has
promoted a wide exchange of scientific publications and the
replenishment of the library fund. During
its secretarial activities, the Library of the Society was enriched
with excellent travel publications of its own with excellent
cartographic applications, and the publication of the Yearbook of
the IRGO began. In
addition to the daily duties of the secretary of the Society,
Grigoriev also performed various extraordinary tasks: building a
monument to N. M. Przhevalsky in St. Petersburg and Issyk-Kul,
arranging anniversary celebrations of the Society, receiving F.
Nansen, searching for S.
Grigoriev owns numerous publications in editions of the IRGO on
the geography of mainly the northern margins of Europe and Asia.
In 1902, he fell seriously ill and was forced to leave the post
of secretary of the Society, and within a year to completely abandon
any work. At
the meeting of the Society, at the suggestion of his Vice-Chairman
P.P. Semenov, Grigoriev was elected an honorary member and a member
of the Council. In
1908 he was elected assistant to the vice-chairman, he again began
to visit the Society, again took up work, but sudden death
As stated in the obituary, “Grigoriev fell to great happiness: he
was a witness and participant in the brilliant band of G. Society. Under
him, the scientific conquest of Central Asia was accomplished, all
the largest expeditions were organized, starting with Przhevalsky
and Pevtsov and ending with the last expedition of P. K. Kozlov.
But we can safely say that the share of large
Russian travelers had the enviable fate of working in Germany. At a
time when AV was its secretary. No large expedition organized
without his assistance, no traveler who did not use his advice. and
did not owe a part of his success to AV".
He died in Petersburg, buried at the Smolensk Orthodox cemetery. The
grave could not be found.
leading to the Bay of Middendorf on the bank of Khariton Laptev,
in 1900 E.V. Toll.