Valnev Fedor Mikhailovich
Famous arctic captain.
Started swimming cabin boy on sailing ships. Enrolled
in skipper courses, he worked as a sailor-trainee on sailing and
steam vessels. After
graduating from skipper’s courses, from 1886 he worked as a
navigator for ten years.
In 1896, Vallnev received the title of sea captain and until 1917
served on the ships of the Murmansk Shipping Company.
Since 1920, after the arrival of Soviet power in Arkhangelsk,
Valnev was often involved in the work of various Soviet bodies as an
expert who knew the northern industries well. At
the same time, he was employed as an authorized representative of
the newly formed Northern Scientific and Industrial Expedition,
later renamed the Institute for the Study of the North. It
was on the recommendation of Vallnev for the needs of the institute
that the still unfinished Perseus was used. Vallnev
also attracted the famous master of wooden construction V.F. Guest. Together,
they prepared and implemented a plan for the completion and
equipment of this vessel, on which numerous research expeditions
were carried out.
Since 1924, Vallnev assumed the duties of the deputy head of the
expedition, and from that time on every year he provided technical
training for three expeditions.
Thanks to his work, Valnev was very popular in the North.
He died of cerebral hemorrhage.
An island in
the Sahankyha Bay near the southern coast of Novaya Zemlya. Сalled in 1925
by expedition aboard the
the southern shore of Krestovaya Bay in the west of the northern
island of Novaya Zemlya. Named N.N. Matusevich.
the north of the Gulf of Schubert in the east of the southern island
of Novaya Zemlya. Described
in 1924 and called the expedition led by R.L. Samoylovich.