Vasilyev Mikhail Petrovich
Russian sailor, the first captain of the Yermak icebreaker, a
student and officer of admiral S.O.
Born in the city of Petrokov, in Poland, in the family of a
retired colonel. In
1873, he entered the service of a second class conductor of the 2nd
class in the Warsaw engineering serf management. In
1874 his father applied to the Naval School for his son to study. He
pledged to take it without delay if the son for any reason does not
this did not have to do. In
1878, Vasiliev graduated from college, received the title of
midshipman and was enlisted in the 4th fleet crew of the Baltic
the Baltic Fleet he served for four years, and in 1882, already in
the rank of midshipman, he was transferred to the Siberian Flotilla,
where he served for almost six years, receiving in 1884 the rank of
1888 he was again transferred to the Baltic Fleet, he graduated from
the mine officer class and was appointed a mine officer to the
corvette Vityaz, on which he sailed during 1890-1893. across
the Baltic Sea, the northern seas, the Pacific Ocean.
In 1891, Vasilyev received the French Order of the Legion of
Honor, then served as a mine officer on the battleship "Sysoy the
Great", commander of the destroyer "Sokol", and a senior officer on the
battleship "Imperator Nicholas". In
1896 he was promoted to captain 2 rank. In
behalf of Makarov, he supervised the construction of the "Yermak"
icebreaker in Newcastle, and after launching him, he was appointed
remained in this position until the autumn of 1901, leading a number
of ice operations to escort and rescue ships.In March 1899, when
moving from Newcastle to Kronstadt, and then to Revel, "Yermak" freed
29 steamers from the ice. In
June-August of the same year, together with Makarov, Vasilyev made
two test voyages to the North. In
the process of the second of them reached north of Spitsbergen 81° 21' N. In
the summer of 1901, after a major overhaul of the nose (the nose
screw was removed), "Ermak" sailed under very difficult conditions in
the Barents Sea, twice approaching the
Josef Land and twice to the
north-west coast of Novaya Zemlya.
In 1904, Vasilyev was transferred to the Pacific Fleet and, in
the rank of captain of the 1st rank, was appointed commander of the
battleship "Tsesarevich". Not
having time to enter into a new position, he was killed along with
Makarov on the battleship "Petropavlovsk" while leaving the sea from
the Port Arthur raid.
After the death of the vessel Vasiliev managed to swim to shore,
but he died from a broken heart and was buried in Port Arthur. After
the end of the war, the widow Vasiliev managed to transport his
ashes to Petersburg.
The merits of Vasiliev are marked by the Russian orders of St.
Anna of the 2nd degree, St.
Vladimir of the 4th degree, St.Stanislav
of the 2nd degree and
the French Order of
the Legion of Honor.
He was buried at the Nikolsky
cemetery of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery (the photo
was taken with the help of N. Kuznetsov). The
grave is not preserved.
The island among
the islands Tsivolki archipelago of Nordenskjold. Named
Russian Polar expedition in 1901.
the west of the island of Wiener Neustadt archipelago Franz Josef
name was given by Soviet cartographers in 1953–1955.
(photo by N.M. Stolbov)
the south of the island of West Svalbard.