Vasnetsov Viktor Mikhailovich 
(03.05.(15.05) 1848-23.07.1926)


An outstanding Russian artist, master of painting on historical and folklore subjects. The older brother of the artist Appolinaria Vasnetsov. 
Born in the village of Lopyal, Urzhumsky district, Vyatka province (now the Kirov region). The village was Russian, but the majority of the population were Mari people. 
His father was an Orthodox priest, descended from the ancient Vyatka Vasnetsov family. The artist considered himself a Scythian. 
At first, Vasnetsov followed in his father’s footsteps - he studied at a religious school, then at the Vyatka Theological Seminary, although the ability to draw was manifested in him from childhood. The father contributed to their development by paying for the drawing lessons that the gymnasium teacher N.G. Chernyshev. Moreover, with the blessing of his father, Vasnetsov left the seminary from the penultimate course and left for Petersburg to enter the Academy of Arts. He studied painting in Petersburg, first from I.N.
Kramsky at the Drawing School of the Society for the Encouragement of Arts, then at the Academy of Arts, graduating in 1873. During his studies, he came to Vyatka, met with the exiled Polish artist E. Andriolli, whom he asked to paint with his younger brother Apollinaris. 
After graduating from the Academy, Vasnetsov trained abroad, and from 1869 began to exhibit his works, first participating in the Academy expositions, then in the Wanderers' exhibitions. 
In 1893, Vasnetsov became a full member of the Academy of Arts. 
After 1905, in his political views, he was close to the Union of the Russian people, although he was not a member, participated in the financing and design of monarchist publications, including the "Book of Russian Tribulation". Along with many other artists of his time. Vasnetsov contributed to the establishment in 1915 of the Society for the revival of artistic Russia. 
In Vasnetsov's works, different genres are presented, reflecting his evolution from everyday writing to a fairy tale, from easel painting to monumental painting, from the earthiness of the Wanderers to the prototype of the modern style. 
Later, the main in his work was the epic-historical direction. Pictures of this genre - “Knight at the Crossroads”, “After Igor Svyatoslavich’s Battle with Polovtsy”, “Alyonushka”, “Ivan-Tsarevich on the Gray Wolf”, “The Bogatyri”, “Tsar Ivan Vasilyevich the Terrible” brought him worldwide fame. 
At the end of the 1890s, a religious theme occupied an increasingly prominent place in his work (works in St. Vladimir's Cathedral in Kiev and in the Church of the Resurrection in St. Petersburg, watercolor drawings and preparatory wall painting originals for the Cathedral of St. Vladimir). 
After 1917, Vasnetsov continued to work on folk fairy-tale themes, creating canvases “Fight of Dobrynya Nikitich with the seven-headed Serpent Gorynych”, “Koschey Immortal”. 
He died in Moscow, buried at Vvedensky cemetery. 
Cape on the northern shore of Chekina Bay on the Kara coast of the northern island of Novaya Zemlya. The name was given in 1901-1902. Novaya Zemlya expedition of artist A.A. Borisov. 
Glacier on the southern shore of the Matochkin Shar Strait. The name was given in 1901-1902. Novaya Zemlya expedition of artist A.A. 
Borisov. 

 

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