Weyprecht Carl 
(08.09.1838-29.03.1881)


Austrian fleet officer, polar explorer. 
Born in König, Hesse. In the rank of lieutenant, led the expedition on the ship "Tegetthof", who discovered Franz Josef Land. His assistant was Lieutenant J. Payer. 
The initiative of organizing the expedition came from the German geographer August Peterman. He was convinced that to the north of 82–83° there was a sea free for navigation, which made it possible to easily reach the North Pole. Therefore, initially this task was set before the expedition. The direct organizer was a rich philanthropist Hans Wilczek, and later a special committee of prominent representatives of the Vienna Geographical Society. 
To the organization of the expedition approached very responsibly. In the summer of 1871, Weiprecht and Payer embarked on a reconnaissance voyage to the northern part of the Barents Sea on a small sailing ship Icebjorn. The voyage was successful, but its leaders began to show less optimism about reaching the pole. In December 1871, Weiprecht made a report at a meeting of the Vienna Academy of Sciences, in which he analyzed the results of the reconnaissance. After weighing all the pros and cons, he suggested, for a start, limit himself to the tasks of exploring the sea north of Siberia and, if possible, achieve the Bering Strait. His arguments were taken into account. The achievement of high latitudes by this expedition was recognized as a matter of secondary importance. 
1872 was very Arctic in the Barents Sea. The Tegetthof could not even reach the northern tip of Novaya Zemlya. In August, the ship was wiped off by ice off the western shores of the northern island, as it turned out, forever. After a year-long drift in the north-north-east direction on August 30, 1873, through the breaks of fog in the north-west, the expedition members saw the outlines of the rocks. 
The Austrians called the open land after their emperor Franz Joseph.

 

Franz Josef Land

(space image)

 

It was possible to enter the land only on November 1. With the onset of a bright day, polar explorers began toboggan trips on open ground, which were headed by Payer.Weiprecht remained on board.

 

Cape Tegethof

(photo by E.A. Korago)


Having lost hope for the release of the vessel, the polar explorers took with them several sleds and 4 boats and, leaving the “Tagetthof”, on May 20, 1874, they headed south on the ice. Based on current knowledge of the features of the ice regime of the Franz-Josef Land area, this decision of the expedition leaders is recognized as an undoubted mistake, since in July – August the ice would most likely have been broken and the sailors could return to their homeland on their ship. 
Progress went very slowly, moreover, the southern winds carried them back. After a month of movement, travelers still saw the masts of the abandoned Tegethof. Only on August 15, managed to get to clean water, and on August 23, two Russian commercial schooners were met on the southern island of Novaya Zemlya in the Bay of Pukhovy, one of which was commanded by industrialist Fedor Ivanovich Voronin (1829–1897), the great-uncle of famous polar captain Vladimir Ivanovich Voronin. On the Voronin’s “Nikolai” schooner, Austrians were brought to the Norwegian port of Varde. 
The scientific observations of this expedition were a significant contribution to geography. In addition to the discovery of new lands, the expedition brought a huge amount of factual information in the field of oceanology, meteorology, ice regime, geomagnetism, physical and mechanical processes in the ice cover. Geological and zoological and botanical studies were carried out. The researchers were not limited to a statement of fact. Comparing, summarizing and analyzing, they tried to understand the essence of the phenomena. A special role here belongs to Weyprecht, who was not only a sailor, but also a widely educated, deep explorer. For this expedition, Weiprecht, like Payer, was awarded the Order of Leopold. 
In the following years, which, unfortunately, he had very little, Weyprecht initiated the scientific study of the Arctic. His report "The Basic Principles of Arctic Research", read at the congress of German naturalists and doctors in Graz in 1875, and the program of international polar research reported at the International Meteorological Congress in Rome in 1877, marked the beginning of a new phase in the study of the Arctic and formed the basis I PGM (1882–1883). He himself did not see the beginning of the implementation of his great international enterprise, going down to the grave from tuberculosis at a young age. Buried in Michelstadt, Hesse.

 

Karl Weyprecht Memorial in Bad Koenig, Germany

(Photo from http://eo.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dosiero:Bad_K%C3%B6nig_Carl_Weyprecht.jpg)


Islands in the Hayes fjord on the east coast of Ellesmere Island.

Cape on the east coast of the island of West Spitsbergen. 
Bay on the southwestern shore of the island of Alexandra Land archipepeda Franz Josef Land. Opened and named in the spring of 1895 by the expedition of F. Jackson. 
Bay (fjord) on the northwestern coast of Greenland on Amundsen Land.

Strait in the Lockwood Archipelago in the Lincoln Sea between Lockwood and Hazen.

 

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